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The New Investment Theory and Aggregate Dynamics

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  • Leif Danziger

    (York University)

Abstract

This paper develops a dynamic general-equilibrium model of capital adjustments under monopolistic competition. Investments are partially irreversible. The model includes microfoundations for consumption decisions and capital-adjustment strategies. The effects of the model parameters on the optimal capital-adjustment strategy are determined analytically. A major result is that the aggregate net investment is proportional to the difference between the desired and previous aggregate capital. The speed of adjustment decreases with the cost of reversibility, is invariant to the shares of labor and capital, and increases with the level of macroeconomic uncertainty. However, the latter effect is not quantitatively important. (Copyright: Elsevier)

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1094-2025(03)00029-2
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics in its journal Review of Economic Dynamics.

Volume (Year): 6 (2003)
Issue (Month): 4 (October)
Pages: 907-940

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Handle: RePEc:red:issued:v:6:y:2003:i:4:p:907-940

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Related research

Keywords: New investment theory; Macroeconomic uncertainty; Trigger strategy; Aggregate dynamics;

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References

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  1. Dixit, Avinash K, 1989. "Entry and Exit Decisions under Uncertainty," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(3), pages 620-38, June.
  2. Leif Danziger, 1999. "A Dynamic Economy with Costly Price Adjustments," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(4), pages 878-901, September.
  3. Ricardo J. Caballero & Eduardo M.R.A. Engel, 1996. "Explaining Investment Dynamics in U.S. Manufacturing: A Generalized (S,s) Approach," Documentos de Trabajo 12, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
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  16. Ricardo J. Caballero & Eduardo M. R. A. Engel & John C. Haltiwanger, 1995. "Plant-Level Adjustment and Aggregate Investment Dynamics," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(2), pages 1-54.
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  18. Dixit, Avinash, 1991. "Irreversible Investment with Price Ceilings," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 541-57, June.
  19. Giuseppe Bertola & Ricardo J. Caballero, 1991. "Irreversibility and Aggregate Investment," NBER Working Papers 3865, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  21. Valerie A. Ramey & Matthew D. Shapiro, 2001. "Displaced Capital: A Study of Aerospace Plant Closings," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 109(5), pages 958-992, October.
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