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Fiscal Policy and Optimal Monetary Rules in a non Ricardian Economy

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  • Jean-Pascal Benassy

    (CEPREMAP)

Abstract

We study in this article how the conduct of fiscal policy interacts with the choice of oprimal monetary rules by a central bank. We consider a non Ricardian model with nondistortionary fiscal policyt, and compare two policy packages, one where fiscal and monetary policy are simultaneously optimized, and one where the monetary policy is optimized under a given fiscal policy. We find a number of results that would not appear in the traditional Ricardian framework: (a) the optimal monetary rule may be activist when fiscal policy is kept constant, whereas it is not when combined with optimal fiscal policy; (b) combining optimally fiscal and monetary policies may lead to far superior outcomes, even when, following Sargent and Wallace (1975), government is allowed to react to much less information. (Copyright: Elsevier)

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics in its journal Review of Economic Dynamics.

Volume (Year): 6 (2003)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
Pages: 498-512

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Handle: RePEc:red:issued:v:6:y:2003:i:3:p:498-512

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Keywords: Monetary policy rules; fiscal policy; interest rate rules; optimal policy; nominal rigidities.;

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References

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  1. Michael Woodford, 1999. "Optimal monetary policy inertia," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  2. John B. Taylor, 1999. "Monetary Policy Rules," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number tayl99-1, June.
  3. Richard Clarida & Jordi Gali & Mark Gertler, 1999. "The Science of Monetary Policy: A New Keynesian Perspective," NBER Working Papers 7147, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Bernardino Ad�o & Isabel Correia & Pedro Teles, 2003. "Gaps and Triangles," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 70(4), pages 699-713.
  5. Erceg, Christopher J. & Henderson, Dale W. & Levin, Andrew T., 2000. "Optimal monetary policy with staggered wage and price contracts," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 281-313, October.
  6. Paul A. Samuelson, 1958. "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Social Contrivance of Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66, pages 467.
  7. Bennett T. McCallum, 1997. "Issues in the Design of Monetary Policy Rules," NBER Working Papers 6016, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  9. Lucas, Robert Jr. & Stokey, Nancy L., 1983. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy in an economy without capital," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 55-93.
  10. Chari, V V & Christiano, Lawrence J & Kehoe, Patrick J, 1991. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy: Some Recent Results," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 23(3), pages 519-39, August.
  11. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1975. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 64, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  12. Bernheim, B Douglas, 1991. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy: Some Recent Results," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 23(3), pages 540-42, August.
  13. Sargent, Thomas J & Wallace, Neil, 1975. ""Rational" Expectations, the Optimal Monetary Instrument, and the Optimal Money Supply Rule," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(2), pages 241-54, April.
  14. Taylor, John B., 1998. "The Robustness and Efficiency of Monetary Policy Rules as Guidelines for Interest Rate Setting by the European Central Bank," Seminar Papers 649, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
  15. Bernardino Adao, 2000. "Gaps and Triangles," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1904, Econometric Society.
  16. Woodford, Michael, 1999. "Optimal monetary policy inertia," CFS Working Paper Series 1999/09, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
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Cited by:
  1. Javier Andres & Rafael Domenech & Campbell Leith, 2003. "Fiscal Policy, Macroeconomic Stability and Finite Horizons," Working Papers 2003_18, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow, revised Oct 2003.
  2. Xavier Ragot, 2005. "A theory of low inflation in a non Ricardian economy with credit constraints," PSE Working Papers halshs-00590788, HAL.
  3. Marcela Meirelles-Aurelio, 2005. "The performance of monetary and fiscal rules in an open economy with imperfect capital mobility," Research Working Paper RWP 05-01, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.

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