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Monetary policy with Heterogeneous Agents and Borrowing Constraints

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  • Yann Algan

    (Paris School of Economics)

  • Xavier Ragot

    (Banque de France)

Abstract

We show that the long-run neutrality of inflation on capital accumulation obtained in complete market models no longer holds when households face binding credit constraints. Borrowing-constrained households are not able to rebalance their financial portfolio when inflation varies, and thus adjust their money holdings differently compared to unconstrained households. This heterogeneity leads to a new precautionary savings motive, which implies that inflation increases capital accumulation. We quantify the importance of this new channel in an incomplete market model where the traditional redistributive effects of inflation are also introduced. We show that this model provides a quantitative rationale for the observed hump-shaped relationship between inflation and capital accumulation. (Copyright: Elsevier)

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics in its journal Review of Economic Dynamics.

Volume (Year): 13 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 295-316

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Handle: RePEc:red:issued:08-7

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Related research

Keywords: Monetary policy; Incomplete markets; Borrowing constraints;

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References

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  1. Burkhard Heer, 2004. "Overlapping Generations Models (GAUSS)," QM&RBC Codes 138, Quantitative Macroeconomics & Real Business Cycles.
  2. Burkhard Heer & Alfred Maussner, 2006. "Business Cycle Dynamics of a New Keynesian Overlapping Generations Model with Progressive Income Taxation," CESifo Working Paper Series 1692, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Robert J. Barro, 2013. "Inflation and Economic Growth," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 14(1), pages 121-144, May.
  4. Jonathan Heathcote & Kjetil Storesletten & Giovanni L. Violante, 2008. "The Macroeconomic Implications of Rising Wage Inequality in the United States," NBER Working Papers 14052, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Edward N. Wolff, 2007. "Recent Trends in Household Wealth in the United States: Rising Debt and the Middle-Class Squeeze," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_502, Levy Economics Institute.
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Cited by:
  1. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00586066 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Ragot, X., 2010. "The Case for a Financial Approach to Money Demand," Working papers 300, Banque de France.
  3. SENBATA, Sisay Regassa, 2011. "How applicable are the new Keynesian DSGE models to a typical low-income economy?," Working Papers 2011016, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.
  4. Lizarazo, Sandra & Da-Rocha, Jose-Maria, 2011. "Optimal monetary policy and default," MPRA Paper 31931, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Sunel, Enes, 2012. "Transitional Dynamics of Disinflation in a Small Open Economy with Heterogeneous Agents," MPRA Paper 39690, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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