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Von den Muehen der Ebene: Wirkungen tariflicher Weiterbildungsregelungen im oeffentlichen Dienst und in der Metall- und Elektroindustrie Baden-Wuerttembergs im Vergleich (Struggles of the Plain: Effects of Collective Agreements on Further Education in the German Public Sector and Metal and Electrical Industry)

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  • Bahnmueller, Reinhard
  • Hoppe, Markus
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    Abstract

    Mit Blick auf den rasanten Wandel von Arbeitsanforderungen gewinnt die berufliche Weiterbildung auch in der Tarifpolitik an Gewicht. Nach langem Vorlauf mit Tarifregelungen in kleineren Branchen und einzelnen Tarifregionen wurden seit der Jahrtausendwende erstmals auch in grossen Branchen Qualifizierungsabkommen abgeschlossen. Als Tueroeffner fungierten dabei mehrheitlich Vereinbarungen, die einen Anspruch der Beschaeftigten auf ein jaehrliches Qualifizierungsgespraech vorsehen. Im Rahmen dieses Gespraeches ist zu klaeren, ob und welcher Qualifizierungsbedarf besteht. Zwei dieses quantitativ bedeutsamsten Typs von Qualifizierungsabkommen werden hier naeher behandelt: Der Qualifizierungstarifvertrag fuer die M+E-Industrie Baden-Wuerttembergs von 2001, der Vorlage fuer die fuenf Jahre spaeter abgeschlossenen Regelungen in den anderen Tarifregionen der M+E-Industrie war sowie die Qualifizierungsbestimmungen fuer den OEffentlichen Dienst (§ 5 TVoeD). Der Beitrag informiert auf Basis repraesentativer Befragungen von Betriebs- und Personalraeten sowie Personalmanagern ueber den Umgang der Betriebsparteien mit den Tarifregelungen und deren Wirkungen, diskutiert Gruende fuer die zwischen den Branchen unterschiedlichen, insgesamt jedoch recht schwachen Effekte und ventiliert die Potenziale wie die Grenzen von tariflichen Qualifizierungsregelungen des hier diskutierten Typs in tarifstrategischer Perspektive. (In view of the rapidly changing work requirements further training is seen as an increasingly important but not yet fully developed field of collective bargaining activities. After a long term regulation experience in several small industries or singular regions some new collective agreements on further training have been signed in several huge branches since the beginning of the new millennium. Mostly agreements which stipulate employees´ right for an annual qualification need appraisal occurred as the door-opener in the public service (“§ 5 TVoeD”) in 2005 as well as in the regional metal and electrical industry of Baden-Wuerttemberg (“Qualifizierungstarifvertrag”) in 2001, which can be understood as the blueprint of the agreements in the rest of the German metal and electrical industry and in the Public Sector, too. Based on several representative surveys, the article illustrates how human resource managers and works councils and staff councils in the public service deploy the qualification provision of these agreements, describes the (low) effects which can be recorded until now, discusses the reasons for its small impact and draws some conclusions based on the hitherto experience in the perspective of forthcoming collective bargaining activities in this field.)

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    Article provided by Rainer Hampp Verlag in its journal Industrielle Beziehungen.

    Volume (Year): 19 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 7-30

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    Handle: RePEc:rai:indbez:doi_10.1688/1862-0035_indb_2012_01_bahnmueller

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    Keywords: further training; collective bargaining; collective agreements; human resource management;

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