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Betriebsverhandlungen in Frankreich: Die Bevollmaechtigung von nicht gewerkschaftlich organisierten Mitarbeitern (Company Bargaining in France: The Case of the Proxy Representation of Non-union Employees)

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  • Jens Thoemmes
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    Abstract

    Mit dieser Ausarbeitung moechten wir die Betriebsverhandlungen in Frankreich betrachten und besonders auf einen Aspekt der industriellen Beziehungen Bezug nehmen, der von der soziologischen Forschung bisher nur wenig behandelt wurde. Die Beauftragung eines Angestellten mit dem Aushandeln einer Betriebsvereinbarung mit dem Arbeitsgeber stellt das Privileg der Gewerkschaftsvertreter in Frage, die grundsaetzlich das Monopol dieser Verhandlungen haben. Einerseits fuehrte diese Praxis zum Abschluss zahlreicher Vereinbarungen im Rahmen des Gesetzes ueber die 35-Stunden-Woche (1998-2002). Andererseits weicht dieses Verfahren von den traditionellen Regeln ab. Mit diesem Aufsatz moechten wir zeigen, inwiefern die Beauftragung nicht gewerkschaftlich organisierter Mitarbeiter „neu“ ist. Sie fuehrt zu Vereinbarungen, die nicht als „minderwertig“ betrachtet werden koennen. Wir werden im Gegenteil erklaeren, warum eine grosse Zahl dieser Vereinbarungen zu guenstigeren Arbeitsbedingungen fuehrt, als die klassischen Abkommen. Unter Hinzuziehung der franzoesischen Theorie der sozialen Regulierung, moechten wir hierbei die Ergebnisse einer empirischen Untersuchung vorlegen und interpretieren. (With this text we want to analyze collective bargaining in France and especially one aspect of industrial relations that has been very little studied by sociological research. As a result of national negotiations in 1995, proxy representation has helped to give a non-unionized employees of the company the power to be counterparty to conclude company agreements with their an employers for concluding an agreement. This calls challenges the privilege of union representatives in question, who in principle have the a monopoly of these such negotiations. On the one hand, this practice led to the conclusion of many agreements in the framework of the law on the 35-hour week law (1998-2002). On the other hand, this procedure differs from the traditional rules and regulations. In this paper we want to show why this method is new and original: it leads to agreements that cannot be regarded as 'cheap' or 'give away'. We will explain in the opposite, why, on the contrary, a large number many of these arrangements lead to better working conditions than the traditional agreements. With the use of Using the French theory of social regulation, we want to present and interpret the results of an empirical study.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Rainer Hampp Verlag in its journal Industrielle Beziehungen.

    Volume (Year): 18 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 262-289

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    Handle: RePEc:rai:indbez:doi_10.1688/1862-0035_indb_2011_04_thoemmes

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    Keywords: collective bargaining; working time; social regulation; France; proxy representation;

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