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Soziale Marktwirtschaft und Soziale Gerechtigkeit – Mythos, Anspruch und Wirklichkeit. Die Konzeptionen des Ordoliberalismus und die praktische Wirtschaftspolitik in der bundesdeutschen Nachkriegsgeschichte unter besonderer Beruecksichtigung der wirtschaftsethischen Leitmotive (Social market economy and social justice - myth, ideas, and reality. The con-cepts of ordo-liberalism and economic policy in the Federal Republic of Ger-many after 1945 with regard to its ethical foundations)

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  • Christian Hecker
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    Abstract

    Der vorliegende Beitrag beschaeftigt sich sowohl aus ideengeschichtlicher als auch aus wirtschafts- und sozialgeschichtlicher Perspektive mit den Konzeptionen der Sozialen Marktwirtschaft und der Sozialen Gerechtigkeit. Dabei wird dargestellt, wie versucht wurde, die zentralen wirtschaftsethischen Postulate der Vordenker des Ordoliberalismus (Orientierung der Wirtschaftspolitik an der Lebenswirklichkeit der beteiligten Personen, Entproletarisierung, Foerderung von Sesshaftigkeit und gegenseitiger Verantwortung in ueberschaubaren Gemeinschaften) mittels wirtschafts- und sozialpolitischer Weichenstellungen umzusetzen und wie diese Herangehensweise unter dem Gesichtspunkt der Pfadabhaengigkeit an ihre Grenzen stiess. Darauf aufbauend werden Perspektiven fuer eine Erneuerung der Sozialen Marktwirtschaft unter den Bedingungen der Gegenwart aufgezeigt. (This paper deals with the idea of a social market economy and the norm of social justice from a his-torical point of view. A comparison of the concepts of ordo-liberalism on the one hand and economic and social policy in Germany after the Second World War on the other hand shows that the implementation of the main ethical postulates of the founders of ordo-liberalism has been carried out by means and institutions, which are quite different from the instruments proposed by Eucken, Roepke, Ruestow, and Mueller-Armack. Nevertheless, it can be substantiated that most of the ethical founda-tions of ordo-liberalism had a very decisive influence on economic and social policy in Germany after 1945. Subsequently, the paper investigates the limitations of this political and economic approach, especially with regard to the problem of path dependence, and analyzes some possibilities to achieve the ethical postulates of the founders of ordo-liberalism under the economic conditions of our time. )

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Rainer Hampp Verlag in its journal Zeitschrift fuer Wirtschafts- und Unternehmensethik.

    Volume (Year): 12 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 269-294

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    Handle: RePEc:rai:ethics:doi_10.1688/1862-0043_zfwu_2011_02_hecker

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    Keywords: Social justice; Social market economy; Ordo-liberalism; Institutional economics; Path dependence;

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