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Les exploitations bios face à leurs contextes. Des stratégies diversifiées et interdépendantes

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  • Jean Nizet

    (Université de Namur, Université Catholique de Louvain, B-5000 Namur, Belgique)

  • Denise Van Dam

    (Université de Namur, B-5000 Namur, Belgique)

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    Abstract

    Cet article part du constat que les exploitations agricoles bios survivent et se développent, malgré les difficultés auxquelles elles sont confrontées. On analyse ce processus de développement en recourant aux théories des organisations et en particulier à la Resource Dependance Theory (RDT). À partir d’entretiens menés à dix ans d’intervalle auprès d’une trentaine d’agriculteurs bios, on identifie les manières dont les exploitations dépendent de leurs divers contextes (économique, légal, etc.) et on analyse les stratégies qu’elles mettent en œuvre pour les contrôler. Ces stratégies se révèlent éminemment diverses d’une exploitation à l’autre ; elles sont aussi très instables ; enfin, elles ont entre elles de multiples liens. Cette analyse des stratégies des agriculteurs bios en activité complète utilement les recherches empiriques sur le bio ; elle met également en question les postulats de la RDT, à laquelle on confère une dimension plus systémique.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by INRA Department of Economics in its journal Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies.

    Volume (Year): 95 (2014)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 177-202

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    Handle: RePEc:rae:jourae:v:95:y:2014:i:2:p:177-202

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    Related research

    Keywords: organic farming; organization; strategy; dependency; context;

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