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La sélection des produits agricoles sensibles : le cas européen

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  • Alexandre Gohin

    ()
    (INRA Economie et Sociologie Rurales, rue Adolphe Bobierre, CS 61103, F-35011 Rennes cedex)

Abstract

Janvier 2008, les négociations multilatérales à l’Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC) sont toujours bloquées sur le chapitre agricole. La pression internationale est forte sur l’Union européenne (UE) pour qu’elle ouvre plus largement ses marchés agricoles alors que celle-ci craint que cela ne conduise à remettre en cause son modèle agricole européen. En parallèle, l’UE propose de développer l’utilisation des biocarburants dans les activités européennes de transport terrestre, ce qui aurait un effet bénéfique pour son secteur agricole. L’objectif général de cet article est d’évaluer empiriquement les effets de ces deux scénarios pour apprécier dans quelle mesure la politique européenne de promotion des biocarburants pourrait faciliter un accord agricole à l’OMC en atténuant ses effets redoutés. Ces évaluations sont conduites avec un modèle d’équilibre général calculable qui permet d’en mesurer les impacts sur les différents secteurs agricoles et agroalimentaires européens. Les résultats attendus des simulations montrent les effets bénéfiques du développement des biocarburants et négatifs d’un accord à l’OMC sur les revenus agricoles européens. Ils montrent surtout qu’en valeur absolue les seconds effets dominent les premiers et qu’ils sont très contrastés entre les différents secteurs. Enfin, les analyses montrent l’attention qui doit être portée à la définition des produits sensibles en fonction de la situation des marchés: l’intérêt du secteur agricole européen serait en particulier de retenir le bioéthanol dans les produits sensibles à la place du sucre

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by INRA Department of Economics in its journal Review of Agricultural and Environmental Studies.

Volume (Year): 87 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 49-76

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Handle: RePEc:rae:jourae:v:87:y:2008:i:2:p:49-76

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Postal: 4, Allée Adolphe Bobierre, CS 61103, 35011 Rennes Cedex
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Related research

Keywords: market access; bio-fuels; farm incomes; computable general equilibrium;

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References

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  1. Sébastien Jean & David Laborde & Will Martin, 2005. "Consequences of Alternative Formulas for Agricultural Tariff Cuts," Working Papers 2005-15, CEPII research center.
  2. Alexandre Gohin & Jean-Christophe Bureau, 2006. "Modelling the EU sugar supply to assess sectoral policy reforms," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 33(2), pages 223-247, June.
  3. Femenia, Fabienne & Gohin, Alexandre, 2007. "Estimating price elasticities of food trade functions: How relevant is the gravity approach?," Working Papers, TRADEAG - Agricultural Trade Agreements 7211, TRADEAG - Agricultural Trade Agreements.
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Cited by:
  1. Listorti, Giulia & Kempen, Markus & Girardin, Jean & Kranzlein, Tim, 2011. "Do Price Uncertainties Affect the Use of Policy Flexibilities? The Selection of Sensitive Products in WTO Agricultural Negotiations," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland, European Association of Agricultural Economists 114381, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

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