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Évolution des comportements alimentaires : le rôle des générations


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  • Fanette Recours

    (CREDOC, 142 rue du Chevaleret, 75013 Paris)

  • Pascale Hebel

    (CREDOC, 142 rue du Chevaleret, 75013 Paris)

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    Pour étudier les modifications du modèle alimentaire français et anticiper l’évolution des comportements alimentaires dans les années à venir, cet article propose de mesurer les forces de l’habitude au travers d’un modèle Âge-Période-Cohorte. Celui-ci permet d’établir l’existence des effets d’âge et/ou de cohorte et de les isoler à partir des variables de revenu, de taille d’agglomération ou encore de nature du ménage. Nous concluons à l’existence d’effets de cohorte qui se traduisent par une diminution de la durée de préparation des repas et une simplification de leur composition : repas à deux composantes ou plateaux-repas. On ne peut pas parler de déstructuration des repas, mais seulement d’un changement du modèle alimentaire. La seule tendance à la déstructuration décelée au travers de la lecture du modèle Âge-Période-Cohorte est celle de la déstructuration temporelle : les jeunes générations prennent de moins en moins souvent leur dîner à heure fixe.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by INRA Department of Economics in its journal Cahiers d'Economie et Sociologie Rurales.

    Volume (Year): 82-83 (2007)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 79-108

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    Handle: RePEc:rae:jouces:v:82-83:y:2007:i::p:79-108

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    Related research

    Keywords: model of Age-Period-Cohort; eating behaviours; generational effects; consumption surveys;


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