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Productivité agricole et rattrapage technologique : le cas des exploitations de grandes cultures du Nord-Pas-de-Calais

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Author Info

  • Stéphane Blancard

    ()
    (CERESUR, Université de La Réunion, 15 avenue René-Cassin, BP 7151, 97715 Saint-Denis-Messag cedex 9)

  • Jean-Philippe Boussemart

    (GREMARS, Université de Lille 3 - Charles-de-Gaulle, BP 60149, 59653 Villeneuve-d’Ascq cedex et GRECAT ISA-Lille, 48 boulevard Vauban, 59046 Lille cedex)

Abstract

Un des principaux objectifs des différentes réformes successives de la PAC est de soumettre davantage l’offre agricole européenne aux signaux des marchés. De fait, la recherche de compétitivité devient une préoccupation majeure des agriculteurs. Les moins performants doivent rattraper les plus efficaces en essayant d’adopter progressivement les meilleures pratiques. Notre étude tente de révéler et de mesurer ces éventuels phénomènes de convergence des performances productives entre les exploitations agricoles. Elle porte sur 178 exploitations spécialisées en grandes cultures et situées dans un même bassin de production (Nord-Pas-de-Calais), au cours de la période 1994-2001 (période d’application de la réforme Mac Sharry et des premières mesures d’Agenda 2000).À partir d’estimations des niveaux de la productivité globale des facteurs basées sur la notion de fonction de distance, nos résultats indiquent clairement des processus de rattrapage, à la fois technique, et d’échelle entre les exploitations

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by INRA Department of Economics in its journal Cahiers d'Economie et Sociologie Rurales.

Volume (Year): 80 (2006)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 5-28

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Handle: RePEc:rae:jouces:v:80:y:2006:i::p:5-28

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Related research

Keywords: agriculture; catch-up process; distance function; production technology; total factor productivity;

References

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  1. Henri-Bertrand Lefer & Jean-Philippe Boussemart & Guillermo Flichman & Jean-Marc Boussard & Florence Jacquet, 1997. "Les effets de la réforme de la Pac sur les exploitations de grande culture," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 239(1), pages 20-29.
  2. Fried, Harold O. & Lovell, C. A. Knox & Schmidt, Shelton S. (ed.), 1993. "The Measurement of Productive Efficiency: Techniques and Applications," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195072181.
  3. Florence Jacquet & Wallace E. Tyner & Allan W. Gray, 2004. "La stabilisation du revenu des agriculteurs : un objectif central dans les politiques américaine et européenne," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 281(1), pages 5-23.
  4. Vincent Chatellier & Laurence Ulmann & François Colson, 1995. "Réforme de la PAC et répartition des paiements directs aux exploitations agricoles," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 227(1), pages 11-20.
  5. R. D. Banker & A. Charnes & W. W. Cooper, 1984. "Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(9), pages 1078-1092, September.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Christophe Kasigwa Masumbuko & Mwambusa Ct Makuta & Niranda Ntamwira, 2012. "Enquete socio-économique dans les bassins de productionagricole du PIRAM dans la Province du Manièma en RD CONGO. Décembre 2012," Working Papers hal-00871281, HAL.
  2. Selin Özyurt & Jean-Pascal Guironnet, 2011. "Productivity, scale effect and technological catch-up in Chinese regions," Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 4(2), pages 64-80, June.

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