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Les lois économiques doivent-elles s’appliquer aux biens de subsistance ?

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  • Alain Clément

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    (Université François Rabelais, UFR de droit, d’économie et des sciences sociales, 50 avenue Jean Portalis, BP 0607, 37206 Tours cedex 03 et UMR 5206 Triangle CNRS-Lyon 2-ENS)

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    Abstract

    S’il existe de nombreuses lois très générales en économie (loi de Malthus, loi de l’offre et de la demande, loi d’Engel, …) qui témoignent du caractère scientifique de la discipline, « les vivres » constituent un champ spécifique, reconnu comme tel, qui débouche sur la formation d’un savoir et de lois particulières, non applicables, non transposables à d’autres champs de l’économie (loi de King-Davenant, par exemple). Dans le passé, un certain nombre d’économistes ont même proposé que « les vivres » sortent du champ de l’économie, en raison de cette spécificité, et rejoignent un autre champ disciplinaire, moral et politique, plus conforme à l’idée que nous nous faisons du rôle des subsistances dans l’histoire de l’humanité. Ils ont ainsi ouvert la voie et la justification à d’autres types de lois (normatives) à des règles et des normes édictées par les hommes. On comprend mieux pourquoi, aujourd’hui encore, on parle « d’exception agricole » dans les débats économiques.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by INRA Department of Economics in its journal Cahiers d'Economie et Sociologie Rurales.

    Volume (Year): 79 (2006)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 10-36

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    Handle: RePEc:rae:jouces:v:79:y:2006:i::p:10-36

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    Keywords: economic laws; norms; rules; agricultural exception;

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    1. A. W. Coats, 1958. "Changing Attitudes To Labour In The Mid-Eighteenth Century," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 11(1), pages 35-51, 08.
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