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Fondements microéconomiques de la durée du travail et politiques de réduction

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  • Eric Heyer
  • Simon Cueva
  • Dominique Taddéi

Abstract

[eng] Microeconomic foundations of working time and reduction policies. Simon Cueva, Eric Heyer, Dominique Taddéi. For most economists decline in the real working time should increase employment. They are nonetheless divided on the most appropriate means leading to an effective reduction, and they oppose especially on the effects of decline in the legal working time. We attempt to clarify this debate, dealing with the microeconomic behavior of the setting of working time and with its consequences when working time reduction policies are aimed at increasing employment are concerned. First, our studie sheds light on the strategic role of the average reference time over the behavior of the firm in the long term: beyond the weekly legal working time, it is necessary to take branches' collective agreements and the intensity of work into account. When they confront the legal working time to this average effective working time, we are surprised by the very strong concentration of the second around the first. The structuring role of the legal working time (and therefore of collective regulations) thus appears : this has a very large importance in the choice of working time reduction policy. legal working time to this average effective working time, we are surprised by the very strong concentration of the second around the first. The structuring role of the legal working time (and therefore of collective regulations) thus appears : this has a very large importance in the choice of working time reduction policy. [fre] Si la plupart des économistes s'accordent à penser qu'une baisse de la durée effective du travail serait favorable pour l'emploi, ils sont par contre très divisés sur les modalités les plus propices à une réduction effective, et s'opposent en particulier sur les effets d'une baisse de la durée légale. Nous tentons ici de clarifier le débat en traitant du comportement microéconomique de fixation des horaires de travail par les entreprises et de ses conséquences du point de vue des politiques de réductions du temps de travail destinées à créer des emplois. Ce travail fait d'abord ressortir le rôle stratégique de la durée moyenne de référence dans le comportement de long terme des entreprises : au-delà de la durée légale hebdomadaire, la prise en compte des conventions collectives de branches et de l'intensité du travail en continu paraît nécessaire. Quand, ensuite, on confronte la durée de référence à cette durée effective moyenne, on ne peut manquer d'être surpris par la très forte concentration de la seconde autour de la première. Ainsi apparaît le rôle structurant de la durée de référence (et donc des régulations collectives), ce qui a une très grande importance dans le choix des modalités d'une politique de réduction du temps de travail.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

Volume (Year): 64 (1998)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 69-95

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1998_num_64_1_1485

Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.1998.1485
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ofce

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  1. Hoel, Michael & Vale, Bent, 1986. "Effects on unemployment of reduced working time in an economy where firms set wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(5), pages 1097-1104, October.
  2. Hart, Robert A. & McGregor, Peter G., 1988. "The returns to labour services in West German manufacturing industry," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 947-963, April.
  3. Hart, R A & Sharot, T, 1978. "The Short-run Demand for Workers and Hours: A Recursive Model," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(2), pages 299-309, June.
  4. Booth, Alison & Schiantarelli, Fabio, 1987. "The Employment Effects of a Shorter Working Week," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 54(214), pages 237-48, May.
  5. Olivier Marchand & Catherine Bloch-London, 1990. "Les enjeux de la durée du travail," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 231(1), pages 19-32.
  6. Hart, Robert A., 1984. "Worksharing and factor prices," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 165-188, March.
  7. Calmfors, Lars & Hoel, Michael, 1988. " Work Sharing and Overtime," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 90(1), pages 45-62.
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