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La biodiversité dans les pays en développement : du protocole de carthagène aux règlementations nationales

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  • Anne Chetaille
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    Abstract

    [fre] Plus de 90 pays en développement ont ratifié le Protocole de Carthagène sur la prévention des risques biotechnologiques. Ils peuvent ainsi mettre en place des législations leur permettant notamment de refuser l’importation d’organismes vivants modifiés, en l’absence de certitude scientifique sur les risques liés à ces OVM. Le principe de précaution devrait pouvoir guider la décision et l’action des États signataires. Mais tel n’est pas le cas. Les mécanismes de régulation du Protocole se renforcent progressivement dans les enceintes internationales. Cependant la mise en oeuvre dans les pays en développement se heurte à un manque de moyens humains, techniques et financiers. Parallèlement à cela, ces mêmes pays sont soumis à de fortes pressions extérieures. [eng] More than 90 developing countries have signed the Cartagena Protocol on prevention of biotechnological hazards and should therefore logically be able to implement nationally operational legislations, enabling them mainly to refuse the import of living modified organisms without scientific certainty of the risks linked to these LMOs. The principle of precaution should be able to guide the decisions and the actions of signatory States. But such is not really the case. While the mechanisms of the protocol’s regulation are being progressively reinforced in international instances, their implementation in the developing countries is facing human, technical and financial requirements, which they often lack, whereas the same countries are subjected to strong external pressures.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Tiers-Monde.

    Volume (Year): 47 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 188 ()
    Pages: 843-862

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:rtiers:tiers_1293-8882_2006_num_47_188_6465

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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/tiers

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