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Une analyse empirique de l'impact de la libéralisation financière en Afrique subsaharienne sur la période 1983-1996

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  • Audrey Chouchane-Verdier
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    Abstract

    [eng] Audrey Chouchane-Verdier — An empirical analysis of the impact of financial liberalisation in Sub-Saharan Africa during the 1983-1996 period.. This article analyses the efficiency of financial liberalisation policies undertaken in the majority of Sub-Saharan African economies at the end of the 1980's and the beginning of the 1990's. The evolution of the index of financial development that has been designed here shows a general regression of banking performances and enhanced stability on loan markets. This paper studies in greater detail the case of the countries of the franc zone as regards the application of financial reforms and stresses the discrepancies of the established measures and the banking structures in this region of the world.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/tiers.2004.5512
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/tiers_1293-8882_2004_num_45_179_5512/tiers_1293-8882_2004_num_45_179_5512.pdf?mode=light
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Tiers-Monde.

    Volume (Year): 45 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 179 ()
    Pages: 617-641

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:rtiers:tiers_1293-8882_2004_num_45_179_5512

    Note: DOI:10.3406/tiers.2004.5512
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/tiers

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    1. Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Levine, Ross, 1995. "Stock market development and financial intermediaries : stylized facts," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1462, The World Bank.
    2. Panicos Demetriades & Kul B. Luintel, 1995. "The Direct Costs of Financial Repression: Evidence from India," Keele Department of Economics Discussion Papers (1995-2001) 95/12, Department of Economics, Keele University.
    3. Reinhart, Carmen & Tokatlidis, Ioannis, 2000. "Financial Liberalization: The African Experience," MPRA Paper 13423, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Aryeetey, Ernest & Senbet, Lemma W & Udry, Christopher, 1997. "Financial Liberalisation and Financial Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Synthesis," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 6(1), pages 1-28, March.
    5. SI Ikhide & AA Alwode, 2002. "On The Sequencing Of Financial Liberalisation In Nigeria," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 70(1), pages 95-127, 03.
    6. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1981. "Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 393-410, June.
    7. Levine, Ross, 1996. "Financial development and economic growth : views and agenda," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1678, The World Bank.
    8. Pablo Emilio Guidotti & Jose De Gregorio, 1992. "Financial Development and Economic Growth," IMF Working Papers 92/101, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Augustin Kwasi Fosu & Mwangi S. Kimenyi & Njuguna S. Ndung'u, 2003. "Economic Reforms and Restructuring in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Overview," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 12(Supplemen), pages 1-11, September.
    10. Philip Arestis & Panicos O. Demetriades & Bassam Fattouh & Kostas Mouratidis, 2002. "The Impact of Financial Liberalisation Policies on Financial Development Evidence from Developing Economies," Discussion Papers in Economics 02/1, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
    11. Bencivenga, V.R. & Smith, B.D., 1990. "Deficits, Inflation, And The Banking System In Developing Countries: The Optimal Degree Of Financial Repression," RCER Working Papers 214, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
    12. Bencivenga, V.R. & Smith, B.D., 1988. "Financial Intermediation And Endogenous Growth," RCER Working Papers 124, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
    13. Célestin Monga, 1997. "A Currency Reform Index for Western and Central Africa," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(1), pages 103-126, 01.
    14. Thomas Barnebeck Andersen & Finn Tarp, 2003. "Financial liberalization, financial development and economic growth in LDCs," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(2), pages 189-209.
    15. Amitava Krishna Dutt, 1991. "Interest Rate Policy in LDCs: A Post Keynesian View," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 13(2), pages 210-232, January.
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