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Le marché du travail à l'approche de la retraite entre 1982 et 1999, évolutions et évaluations

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Author Info

  • Antoine Bommier
  • Thierry Magnac
  • Muriel Roger

Abstract

[fre] On poursuit dans cet article l'analyse de Blanchet et Marioni [1996] des évolutions et caractéristiques du marché du travail pour les individus de 50 à 65 ans. Les données des enquêtes Emploi que nous utilisons pour construire les probabilités d'occupation des états d'activité à temps complet ou à temps partiel, du chômage ou de l'inactivité, concernent la période 1982- 1999. On étudie aussi les taux de tran- sition entre ces états sur cette période. Le fait nouveau est la plus grande diversité des trajectoires des 55 à 59 ans à travers les états de chômage ou de temps partiel même si ces trajectoires ne sont pas majoritaires. On évalue aussi par doubles différences deux mesures de politique publique durant cette période : les dispenses de recherche d'emploi et la contribution Delalande. Alors que pour la première les effets attendus sont significatifs, les effets de la contribution Delalande sur les taux de licenciement des travailleurs âgés sont positifs mais non significatifs en utilisant les données des enquêtes Emploi. [eng] In this study, we use a series of French Employment Surveys, from 1982 to 1999, to analyze labor market activity of older persons, with a focus on part-time employment and on unemployment. Our first results, based on variance decomposition, give interesting insights on how activity-to-retirement trajectories changed over time, controlling for individual characteristics. While age, sex, education and time dummies are the main determinants of labor status, part-time work and unemployment had an increasing role in the activity-to-retirement trajectories. Using difference in differences methods, we then evaluate two public policies targeted towards old age workers in France during this period : the "Dispenses de recherche d'emploi" and the "Contribution Delalande". The first scheme lifts up compulsory job search during unemployment for workers above 55 ; the second scheme penalizes employers when older workers are laid off. Both have expected effects on older workers activity, even if the effects are hardly significant for the second me.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 18 (2003)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 23-82

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2003_num_18_1_1478

Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2003.1478
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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Cited by:
  1. Melika Ben Salem & Didier Blanchet & Antoine Bozio & Muriel Roger, 2010. "Labor Force Participation by the Elderly and Employment of the Young: The Case of France," NBER Chapters, in: Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: The Relationship to Youth Employment, pages 119-146 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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