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Quelle réglementation pour le secteur de la Défense : l'expérience américaine

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Author Info

  • Radu Vranceanu
  • Marc Guyot

Abstract

[fre] Depuis 1984, les Etats-Unis ont décidé de réformer le processus d'acquisition de biens et de services destinés à la défense nationale par l'introduction de mécanismes incitatifs à l'efficacité, similaires à ceux existant naturellement dans un environnement concurrentiel. L'objet de cet article est d'étudier l'impact de ce changement organisationnel sur les performances économiques des firmes composant la base industrielle de la défense américaine. Après avoir précisé la nature du changement réglementaire, nous montrons à l'aide d'un modèle économétrique original qu'à court terme, il provoque une baisse de rentabilité des firmes. Dans une seconde partie, nous suggérons que l'effet de long terme implique la mise en place par les firmes de stratégies de restructuration. [eng] What regulation for the defence industrial base: the American case since 1984, the United States have decided to allow competition-like forces to drive the defence procurement process. The goal of this paper is to investigate the impact of this organisational change on the economic performances of the firms composing the American defence industrial base. After describing the regulatory change, we show by an original econometric estimation that its short-run impact on firms' profit margins is negative; this result corroborates the prediction of several theoretical models. In the long-run, this new managed competition prompts firms to restructure.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.1997.1030
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File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/rfeco_0769-0479_1997_num_12_3_1030/rfeco_0769-0479_1997_num_12_3_1030.pdf?mode=light
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

Volume (Year): 12 (1997)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 167-193

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Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1997_num_12_3_1030

Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1997.1030
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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