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La théorie du circuit est-elle pertinente pour l'analyse des profits?

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  • Jean-Baptiste Ferrari
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    Abstract

    [fre] La théorie circuitiste, en voulant s'ériger en une véritable doctrine économique, est notamment amenée à s'interroger sur la formation du profit. Elle le définit comme la part du produit global sur laquelle les salariés ne peuvent exercer leur droit légitime de propriété. Cette démarche, qui s'inspire visiblement de l'analyse marxiste de la plus-value, se heurte à une double série de difficultés. La première s'explique par l'absence d'un champ conceptuel idoine. La seconde a trait à l'expression monétaire du profit. Les hypothèses proposées pour résoudre ce dernier problème sont contestables. La théorie du circuit du produit global, plus proche de l'orthodoxie key- nésienne, n'emporte pas non plus l'adhésion ; plus spécialement sur la nature du sur-profit en tant que mode de financement interne de l'accumulation. Faut-il en conclure que la théorie keynésienne ne peut prétendre accéder à la compréhension de la dynamique des économies monétaires de production, sauf peut-être à raisonner dans le cadre d'une économie d'endettement? Une voie pourtant peut, semble-t-il, être explorée. Elle consiste à mettre en relation la formation des prix et celle du profit. A partir de la formation des prix micro-économiques et dans le respect du principe de la demande effective, il est possible d'interpréter le sur-profit comme le résultat de la distribution par le marché de la masse du profit suffisant anticipé. [eng] of the circuit of global product, closer to the keynesian orthodoxy, neither involves one's adhesion; more particularly on the nature of over-profit as a method of inner financing of accumulation. Must it be concluded that the keynesian theory cannot maintain to access to the understanding of the evolution of monetary economics of production except perhaps to argue in the limits of an indebted economy? However a way seems able to be explored. It consists in putting together the making of prices and profit. Starting from the making of microeconomical prices and regarding the principle of the effective demand, it is possible to understand the over-profit as a result of the allocation of mass of the sufficient expected profit by the market.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rfeco.1991.1292
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/rfeco_0769-0479_1991_num_6_3_1292/rfeco_0769-0479_1991_num_6_3_1292.pdf?mode=light
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

    Volume (Year): 6 (1991)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 143-181

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1991_num_6_3_1292

    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1991.1292
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rfeco

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