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Trappe à chômage ou trappe à pauvreté. Quel est le sort des allocataires du RMI ?

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  • Hélène Zajdela
  • Danièle Guillemot
  • Patrick Pétour

Abstract

[fre] À partir des résultats de l'enquête sur le devenir des allocataires du RMI, cette étude a pour but d'évaluer la pertinence empirique des analyses en termes de trappe à chômage, selon lesquelles les allocataires du RMI pourraient être, pour des raisons financières, désincités à accepter un emploi.. La trappe à chômage fonctionne peu dans le cas des allocataires du RMI. Tout d'abord, les chômeurs au RMI sont très actifs dans leur recherche d'emploi et refusent rarement un emploi et encore plus rarement pour des raisons financières. Ils sont en revanche confrontés à une insuffisance de la demande de travail. Ensuite, environ un tiers des allocataires, ayant (re)pris un emploi, n'y trouvent aucun gain financier significatif. Bien qu'ils acceptent des emplois sans gain financier, ils en retirent pour la plupart un mieux-être. Le danger, pour les allocataires du RMI, est moins la trappe à chômage que la trappe à pauvreté, parce qu'ils occupent pour la plupart de « mauvais emplois » et restent très souvent confinés dans un secteur secondaire, sans transition ou presque vers un secteur primaire composé de « bons emplois ». [eng] Unemployment trap, poverty trap and RMI's recipients. . On the basis of the results of the INSEE survey about recipients of the RMI, we aim to evaluate the empirical relevance of analyses based on the notion of the unemployment trap, according to which recipients of the RMI suffer financial disincentives to work.. The unemployment trap does not function very much for recipients of the RMI. First, recipients who are unemployed are very active in job searching and rarely refuse a job and even more rarely for financial reasons. They are more likely to face a shortage of labour demand. Secondly, about one out of three recipients who have accepted a job, do so with no financial advantage. For most of them, however, employment provides enhanced well-being. The risk for RMI recipients is more that of falling into a poverty trap than into an unemployment trap. Indeed, they most often have "poor quality jobs" and remain confined to a secondary sector, with a very low probability of migration towards a primary sector composed of "high quality jobs". often have "poor quality jobs" and remain confined to a secondary sector, with a very low probability of migration towards a primary sector composed of "high quality jobs".

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 53 (2002)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 1235-1252

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_6_410467

Note: DOI:10.2307/3503068
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/reco

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  1. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00567693 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Philippe Askenazy & Eve Caroli & Jérôme Gautié, 2009. "Un panorama des bas salaires et de la qualité de l'emploi peu qualifié en France," PSE Working Papers halshs-00567693, HAL.
  3. Bernard Gazier & Hélène Zajdela, 2006. ""Making work pay" : from justifications to implementations," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques r06073, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  4. Muriel Pucci & Hélène Zajdela, 2004. "Quel loisir pour les allocataires du RMI ? L'arbitrage consommation/loisir revisité," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques r04106, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
  5. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00119155 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. Claude Gamel & Didier Balsan & Josiane Vero, 2005. "L'incidence de l'allocation universelle sur la propension à travailler," Post-Print halshs-00801998, HAL.

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