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Arriérés de salaire, congés obligatoires et participation au marché du travail russe

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  • Anne Pascal
  • Ariane Pailhé

Abstract

[fre] Arriérés de salaire, congés obligatoires et participation au marché du travail russe. . Sous l'apparente stabilité des statistiques officielles de l'emploi en Russie se cachent des flux importants de main-d'œuvre : les travailleurs changent d'emploi ou s'engagent dans une activité additionnelle. Les arriérés de salaire et les congés administratifs non payés contribuent à ce dynamisme du marché du travail. Les premiers ont un impact positif sur la pluri-activité, les travailleurs étant contraints par des coûts de mobilité, tandis que les seconds augmentent la probabilité de changer d'emploi et d'entrer dans l'inactivité. Les caractéristiques individuelles affectent peu la mobilité, excepté le sexe, contrairement aux variables d'entreprise. Les individus travaillant dans une entreprise publique, en particulier, tendent à être moins mobiles que ceux qui travaillent dans une entreprise étrangère ou dans une entreprise russe privée. Finalement, il est montré que les arriérés de salaire peuvent être perçus comme un mode d'ajustement pervers, dans la mesure où ils contribuent à l'augmentation des activités informelles. [eng] Wage arrears, unpaid leaves and participation on the russian labour market. . Behind an apparent, official, stability of employment in Russia, large flows of labour are occurring: workers change job or combine different jobs. Wage arrears and unpaid leaves contribute to this labour market dynamism. The former has a positive impact on multi-activity, workers being constrained by mobility costs. The latter increase the probability of moving from job-to-job or of becoming inactive or by involving into land plot work. Except gender, individual characteristics do not affect mobility, but enterprise variables do. In particular, workers in public enterprise turn out to be less mobile than those working in private and foreign firms do. Finally, wage arrears can be seen as perverse means of adjustment, because they contribute to the growth of informal activities.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 52 (2001)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 885-914

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_4_410363

Note: DOI:10.2307/3502916
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