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Incidence du processus multilatéral sur la viabilité des accords préférentiels: le cas euro-méditerranéen

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  • Sophie Drogué
  • Youssef Chahed

Abstract

[eng] Incidence of the multilateral process on the viability of the preferential agreements: the euro-mediterranean case -The signatory countries of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture (URAA) had to reduce their import tariffs for agricultural products under the most favoured nation (MFN) clause. Many of these countries had concluded bilateral trade agreements enabling them to benefit from preferential market access. It is the case of the Mediterranean countries which signed agreements with the European Union (EU). The decrease in MFN tariffs initiated by the URAA is likely to be greater at the end of the forthcoming negotiations. This may induce an erosion of the preferences granted by the EU to Mediterranean countries and have adverse effects on their agricultural exports. We focus on the consequences of a decrease in EU MFN tariffs on Mediterranean agricultural exports. [fre] Les pays signataires de l'Accord sur l'Agriculture de l'Uruguay Round (AAUR) ont dû réduire les droits sur leurs importations de produits agricoles, en application de la clause de la nation la plus favorisée (MFN). Or, nombre de ces pays ont conclu des accords commerciaux bilatéraux leur permettant de bénéficier de préférences tarifaires. C'est le cas des pays méditerranéens avec l'Union européenne (UE), dans le cadre notamment des accords euro-méditerranéens. La baisse des tarifs MFN initiée par l'AAUR qui risque de s'amplifier à l'issue des prochaines négociations, induit pour ces pays une érosion de leurs préférences qui peut avoir une répercussion négative sur leurs exportations agricoles. Nous analysons ici, les conséquences probables, sur les produits des pays méditerranéens, d'une réduction future des droits MFN de l'Union européenne.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

Volume (Year): 276 (2003)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 3-16

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2003_num_276_1_5420

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2003.5420
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecoru

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  1. Nanno Mulder & Alexandre Vialou & Beatriz David & Monica Rodriguez & Marta Castilho, 2004. "La compétitivité de l’agriculture et des industries agroalimentaires dans le Mercosur et l’Union européenne dans une perspective de libéralisation commerciale," Working Papers 2004-19, CEPII research center.
  2. Deardorff, A.V. & Brown, D.K. & Stern, R.M., 1996. "Some Economic Effects of the Free Trade Agreement Between Tunisia and the European Union," Working Papers 385, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
  3. Mohamed Abdelbasset Chemingui & Sébastien Dessus, 1999. "La libéralisation de l'agriculture tunisienne et l'Union européenne : Une vue prospective," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 144, OECD Publishing.
  4. repec:fth:michin:385 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Henri C. Ghesquière, 1998. "Impact of European Union Association Agreements on Mediterranean Countries," IMF Working Papers 98/116, International Monetary Fund.
  6. W. Sawyer & Richard Sprinkle, 1989. "Alternative empirical estimates of trade creation and trade diversion: A comparison of the Baldwin-Murray and Verdoorn models," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 125(1), pages 61-73, March.
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