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Artisans et industriels : une coexistence risquée ?

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  • Christine Jaeger
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    Abstract

    [fre] Si l'on fait l'hypothèse d'une spécificité du comportement économique artisanal, en abandonnant les idées de « survivance » ou de « pépinière » généralement attribuées à ce secteur, sa coexistence avec l'industrie prend une nouvelle signification. Artisans et industriels ont en commun les risques du marché, mais il existe entre eux une répartition des activités : aux artisans, les activités marchandes s'effectuant avec un procès de travail autonome, discontinu, et des moyens de production modestes ; aux industriels, les autres activités marchandes au procès de travail coordonné et aux moyens de production plus importants. Artisans et industriels occupent donc des territoires complémentaires, complémentarité qui se déplace sans cesse avec l'évolution des modes de vie et des techniques, mais qui marque ainsi les limites de l'emprise du capitalisme dans nos sociétés. [eng] Artisanat is neither a remnant of the past nor a nursery for tomorrow's firms, it is considered here as something specific with its own economic behaviour. Its coexistence with industry then appears in a different light. Both have to face market risk and uncertainty, but artisans cover those tasks for which the work process is autonomous and discontinuous and production means are limited. Industry handles coordinated work processes and more cumbersome means of production. So both types of activities are rather complementary and the frontier between them shifts constantly as ways of life and technologies change. This marks the limits of the expansion of capitalism in our societies.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/ecoru.1985.3185
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie rurale.

    Volume (Year): 169 (1985)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 20-24

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_1985_num_169_1_3185

    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.1985.3185
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecoru

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    Cited by:
    1. Sophie Boutillier & Dimitri Uzunidis, 2006. "Le potentiel de ressources de l’entrepreneur artisan dans le système territorial de production (The potential of resources of the craftsman entrepreneur in the territorial system of production)," Working Papers 127, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.

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