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Vanishing hand versus Systems integrators - Une revue de la littérature sur l'impact organisationnel de la modularité

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  • Vincent Frigant

Abstract

[eng] Since the beginning of the Nineties, many works are interested in the development of the modularity in assembly industries. Despite an agreement about the technological efficiency of the modularity, there is a debate about the organizational impact of modularity. The first studies stress that the modularity implies vertical disintegration and arm's length relationship. Alternatively, other studies stress that the firms can only moderately focus on their core competencies and they maintain close co-operations with their suppliers. The stake of this article is to clarify the arguments supporting each of the two theses by confronting them point-to-point. [fre] Depuis le début des années 90, de nombreux travaux s'intéressent au développement de la modularité dans les industries d'assemblage. Nouvelle manière de gérer la complexité croissante des biens finals, l'analyse de l'impact organisationnel de la modularité a donné naissance à deux courants aux conclusions divergentes. Historiquement les premiers travaux soulignent que la modularité engendre un recentrage des firmes qui vont en contrepartie mobiliser un réseau volatil de fournisseurs. Alternativement et souvent en critique vis-à-vis des premiers, une autre série de recherches souligne que les firmes ne peuvent que modérément se recentrer et maintiennent des coopérations étroites avec leurs fournisseurs. L'enjeu de cet article est d'expliciter les arguments soutenant chacune des deux thèses en les confrontant point à point.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rei.2005.3063
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

Volume (Year): 109 (2005)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 29-52

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_2005_num_109_1_3063

Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.2005.3063
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rei

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References

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  1. Philippe Moati, 2001. "Organiser les marchés dans une économie fondée sur la connaissance : le rôle clé des « intégrateurs »," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 97(1), pages 123-138.
  2. Gary S. Murphy Becker & Kevin M., 1992. "The Division of Labor, Coordination Costs, and Knowledge," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 79, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
  3. Brusoni, Stefano & Prencipe, Andrea, 2001. "Unpacking the Black Box of Modularity: Technologies, Products and Organizations," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(1), pages 179-205, March.
  4. Eric von Hippel, 1994. ""Sticky Information" and the Locus of Problem Solving: Implications for Innovation," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 40(4), pages 429-439, April.
  5. Langlois, Richard N., 2002. "Modularity in technology and organization," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 19-37, September.
  6. Richard N. Langlois, 2004. "Competition through Institutional Form: the Case of Cluster Tool Standards," Working papers 2004-10, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
  7. Timothy J. Sturgeon, 2002. "Modular production networks: a new American model of industrial organization," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 11(3), pages 451-496, June.
  8. Richard N. Langlois, 2003. "The vanishing hand: the changing dynamics of industrial capitalism," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(2), pages 351-385, April.
  9. Peter Galvin & Andre Morkel, 2001. "Modularity On Industry Structure: The Case Of The World The Effect Of Product Bicycle Industry," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(1), pages 31-47.
  10. Vincent FRIGANT (GRES-IFReDE-E3i), 2003. "Exit and Voice in vertical relationship : some proposals for transposing Hirschman's model (In French)," Cahiers du GRES 2003-04, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  11. Schaefer, Scott, 1999. "Product design partitions with complementary components," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 311-330, March.
  12. Langlois, Richard N. & Robertson, Paul L., 1992. "Networks and innovation in a modular system: Lessons from the microcomputer and stereo component industries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 297-313, August.
  13. Richardson, G B, 1972. "The Organisation of Industry," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 82(327), pages 883-96, September.
  14. Ulrich, Karl, 1995. "The role of product architecture in the manufacturing firm," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 419-440, May.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Nicolas Mouchnino & Olivier Sautel, 2007. "Coordination productive et enjeux concurrentiels au sein d'une industrie modulaire : l'exemple d'Airbus," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 135-153.
  2. Yannick LUNG (E3i, IFReDE-GRES & GERPISA), 2005. "The link between the diversity of productive models and the variety of capitalisms," Cahiers du GRES 2005-17, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  3. Vincent FRIGANT (E3i, IFReDE-GRES), 2005. "Proximities in Modular Production: an Analysis of the Globalization of the Automotive Fisrt Tier Suppliers (In French)," Cahiers du GRES 2005-11, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  4. Vincent FRIGANT (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113) & Stéphanie PERES (Bordeaux Sciences Agro, INRA, ISVV, USC 1320 GAIA) & Stéphane VIROL (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113), 2012. "How do SMEs to rise at the top of the supply chain? An econometric exploration of the French auto industry (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2012-16, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  5. Vincent Frigant & Damien Talbot, 2005. "Technological Determinism and Modularity: Lessons from a Comparison between Aircraft and Auto Industries in Europe," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 337-355.
  6. Med KECHIDI (LEREPS-GRES), 2008. "Aeronautical manufacturer versus architect-integrator: a new industrial model for Airbus (In French)," Cahiers du GRES 2008-11, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  7. repec:hal:cepnwp:hal-00628647 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Cécile Cézanne & Laurence Saglietto, 2011. "Capital humain, prestataires de services logistiques et frontières de la firme," Post-Print hal-00628451, HAL.
  9. Christophe CARRINCAZEAUX (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113) & Marie CORIS (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113), 2012. "The Decision-Making Process of Relocations: What, Where, How and Why?," Cahiers du GREThA 2012-04, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  10. Olivier Sautel & Cécile Cézanne-Sintès, 2007. "Firme intensive en capital humain et coordination : vers une redéfinition du rapport entre intégration et dé-intégration," Post-Print hal-00331454, HAL.
  11. Vincent Frigant, 2007. "L'impact de la production modulaire sur l'approfondissement de la Division Internationale des Processus Productifs (DIPP)," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 0(6), pages 937-961.
  12. Med KECHIDI (LEREPS-GRES), 2006. "The dynamics of the vertical relations in the aeronautics: An analysis of the subcontracting relationships of Airbus (In French)," Cahiers du GRES 2006-10, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  13. Vincent FRIGANT (GREThA), 2007. "Between Internationalisation and Proximity: the internationalisation process of automotive first tier suppliers," Cahiers du GREThA 2007-13, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  14. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-00628647 is not listed on IDEAS
  15. Florent Catel & Jean-Charles Monateri, 2007. "Modularité et dynamique des relations durables entre entreprises : le cas des produits et systèmes complexes," Post-Print halshs-00217607, HAL.
  16. Christophe Massot, 2011. "Conflit politique et santé de l'organisation," Post-Print halshs-00622161, HAL.
  17. Frédéric MAZAUD (LEREPS-GRES) & Marie LAGASSE (AIRBUS-FRANCE), 2007. "Vertical sub-contracting relationships strategy, the Airbus First-tier suppliers\' coordination," Cahiers du GRES 2007-02, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  18. Marie CORIS (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Vincent FRIGANT (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113) & Yannick LUNG (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2009. "Organizational change and institutional diversity (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2009-23, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  19. Olivier Sautel, 2007. "L'évolution de la théorie des contrats incomplets face à la dé-intégration verticale," Revue d'économie industrielle, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 5-5.
  20. MAZAUD Frédéric (LEREPS-GRES), 2006. "Change of the First Tier Supplier function and Pivot Firm, the case of the productive organization Airbus (In French)," Cahiers du GRES 2006-12, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  21. Frédéric Mazaud, 2006. "De la firme sous-traitante de premier rang à la firme pivot. Une mutation de l'organisation du système productif « Airbus »," Revue d'économie industrielle, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 3-3.

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