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Organiser les marchés dans une économie fondée sur la connaissance : le rôle clé des « intégrateurs »

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  • Philippe Moati

Abstract

[eng] The efficient adjustment between supply and demand on real markets implies the ruling of institutions and organisations. The contemporary evolution of the economic and social system leads to the transformation of the modalities of competition. Firms are incited to improve their innovative capacity and their ability to bring global solutions to their customers' needs. These two competitive objectives may be contradictory, especially as they imply different principles for the definition of the content of the activity porfolio. This contradiction supports the growth of a new category of economic agents, called « integrators ». Their main function is to run the adjustment between demands of solutions by customers and particular supplies produced by firms which have based their activity on specialized competences. [fre] Le fonctionnement effectif des marchés implique l'intervention d'institutions et d'organisations facilitant l'ajustement quantitatif et qualitatif entre l'offre et la demande. L'évolution du système économique et social provoque une transformation des formes de concurrence qui incite les entreprises à renforcer leur capacité d'innovation ainsi que leur aptitude à apporter des solutions complètes aux besoins de leurs clients. Ces deux objectifs peuvent se révéler contradictoires, en particulier parce qu'ils impliquent des fondements différents à la définition du contenu du portefeuille d'activités. Ce conflit favorise le développement d'une nouvelle catégorie d'acteurs, qualifiés « d'intégrateurs », dont la fonction principale est d'assurer l'ajustement entre la demande de solutions des clients et des offres particulières produites par des firmes ayant fondé leur activité sur la maîtrise de compétences spécialisées.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rei.2001.1803
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

Volume (Year): 97 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 123-138

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Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_2001_num_97_1_1803

Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.2001.1803
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rei

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Cited by:
  1. Vincent Frigant, 2005. "Vanishing hand versus Systems integrators - Une revue de la littérature sur l'impact organisationnel de la modularité," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 109(1), pages 29-52.
  2. MAZAUD Frédéric (LEREPS-GRES), 2006. "Change of the First Tier Supplier function and Pivot Firm, the case of the productive organization Airbus (In French)," Cahiers du GRES 2006-12, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
  3. Frédéric Mazaud, 2006. "De la firme sous-traitante de premier rang à la firme pivot. Une mutation de l'organisation du système productif « Airbus »," Revue d'économie industrielle, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 3-3.
  4. Mouhoud, El Mouhoub & Moati, Philippe, 2005. "Les nouvelles logiques de décomposition internationale des processus productifs," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/1841, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. Frédéric MAZAUD (LEREPS-GRES) & Marie LAGASSE (AIRBUS-FRANCE), 2007. "Vertical sub-contracting relationships strategy, the Airbus First-tier suppliers\' coordination," Cahiers du GRES 2007-02, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.

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