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L'artisanat en évolution : l'exemple de trois métiers

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  • Christine Jaeger
  • Marlyse Pouchol
  • Michèle Severs
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    Abstract

    [eng] How do artisans face up or endure the contemporary turmoil ? Do certain artisanal activities survive better than others ? This line of questioning is at the hub of our study, which is based on the comparative analysis of 3 000 enterprises between 1973 and 1983.. Although the scope of the activities and the environmental pressures have changed, crafstmanship is no more exploding today than it was disappearing ten years ago. Half of the work force has turned over however, the other half has maintained its independence. Their dynamism is fueled first and foremost on economical conditions such as choice of an adapted niche activity, technical or managerial skills, etc. This dynamism also finds its motivation without a doubt through particular psychological inclinations : the artisans' personality accomodates better in their daily economical exchanges the « interpersonal bargaining » rather than the relative protection of a salaried status and/or submission to institutionalized pricing. [fre] Comment les artisans affrontent-ils ou subissent-ils les dérèglements actuels ? Certains territoires artisanaux résistent-ils mieux que d'autres ? Ce questionnement est au centre de notre travail qui repose sur l'analyse comparative de 3 000 établissements en 1973 et 1983.. Si le contenu des activités et les contraintes de l'environnement ont changé, l'artisanat n'est pas plus en voie d'explosion aujourd'hui qu'il n'était en voie de disparition il y a dix ans. Une moitié des effectifs s'est renouvelée, mais l'autre moitié s'est maintenue dans l'indépendance. Le dynamisme de ces artisans-là repose d'abord sur des conditions économiques (choix de créneaux adaptés, compétences de techniciens et de gestionnaires), mais aussi, sans doute, sur une condition psychologique : une personnalité qui les conduit à préférer, dans les rapports économiques quotidiens, le « marchandage inter-personnel » à la relative protection du salariat et des prix institués.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rei.1985.2165
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/rei_0154-3229_1985_num_34_1_2165/rei_0154-3229_1985_num_34_1_2165.pdf?mode=light
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

    Volume (Year): 34 (1985)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 58-70

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1985_num_34_1_2165

    Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1985.2165
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rei

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    Cited by:
    1. Sophie Boutillier & Dimitri Uzunidis, 2006. "Le potentiel de ressources de l’entrepreneur artisan dans le système territorial de production (The potential of resources of the craftsman entrepreneur in the territorial system of production)," Working Papers 127, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.

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