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Contribution à la théorie de la rente pétrolière

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  • Jean-Claude Werrebrouck
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    Abstract

    [fre] L'introduction récente du concept de rente pétrolière a permis de produire une connaissance plus exacte de l'industrie pétrolière internationale. Mais l'analyse théorique de la rente présente généralement quelques faiblesses et celles-ci débouchent sur des lacunes et difficultés insurmontables .. La rente pétrolière totale ne comporte pas de rentes de monopole et n'est qu'une somme de rentes différentielles dont la hauteur maximale est présentement fixée par le prix de reproduction du charbon américain.. Cette rente dont l'existence est largement indépendante du jeu des acteurs, impose la cartellisation du secteur. De ce point de vue, le surprofit a fait le cartel, mais le cartel n'a pas fait le surprofit. Les Etats consommateurs participent au partage de la rente totale dont ils captent une part très importante.. Ce qu'on appelle "crise de l'énergie" n'est, pour le moment, qu'un grave problème de redéfinition du partage de la rente pétrolière totale. [eng] The newly introduced notion of oil rent has led to a more accurate understanding of the international oil industry. But the theory of rent isn't always analyzed correctly which brings about insuperable difficulties.. The total oil rent doesn't include any monopoly rents, it is but a sum of differential rents whose maximum level is fixed by the reproduction price of U.S. coal.. That rent whose existence is mostly independent of the agents involved entails the cartellization of the sector. Seen from that angle, excess profits made the cartel and not the other way round. The consumer States share in the total rent: they collect a significant part of it.. What is called "the energy crisis" is, for the time being, but a serious problem of redistribution of the total oil rent.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/rei.1979.1945
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

    Volume (Year): 9 (1979)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 117-144

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:recind:rei_0154-3229_1979_num_9_1_1945

    Note: DOI:10.3406/rei.1979.1945
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/rei

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