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Femmes et filles envoyées en prison par la cour d'assises du Nord durant la première moitié du XIXe siècle (1822-1850)

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  • Virginie Despres
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    Abstract

    [fre] Au début du XIXe siècle, les femmes et les filles forment une catégorie pénale spécifique dans les prisons en raison de leur faible nombre. L'étude des arrêts de la cour d'assises de Douai, pour la période 1822-1850, permet de découvrir les procédés aboutissant à l'envoi des accusés à la centrale mixte de Loos, en fonction du sexe et de l'âge. Ainsi, l'exemple du Nord montre que derrière l'apparente clémence de la répression à l'égard des criminelles, peut se cacher une réalité plus sombre: les femmes sont parfois condamnées à de longues peines de détention pour de petits vols, tout en bénéficiant des circonstances atténuantes. Quant aux filles mineures acquittées pour absence de discernement, elles sont enfermées plutôt que d'être remises à leur famille et vont subir l'influence néfaste des détenues adultes jusqu'à leur majorité. [eng] At the beginning of the nineteenth century, females represented a particular penal group within the prisons due to their low number. The study of the décisions of the Assizes Court in Douai, for the period 1822-1850, reveals the proceedings that led to the imprisonment of the defendants in the central and mixed prison of Loos, in terms of age and sex. Thus the example of the North shows that despite an apparent repression leniency towards females, a darker reality can be uncovered, for instance some women were sometimes sentenced to long detention periods for small thefts, even though they benefited from mitigating circumstances. Considering minor girls, acquitted because of their lack of judgement, they were jailed rather than sent back to their families till they came of age and thus they were subjected to the dreadful influence of adult prisoners.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/hes.2005.2559
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/hes_0752-5702_2005_num_24_3_2559/hes_0752-5702_2005_num_24_3_2559.pdf?mode=light
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Histoire, économie et société.

    Volume (Year): 24 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 411-420

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:hiseco:hes_0752-5702_2005_num_24_3_2559

    Note: DOI:10.3406/hes.2005.2559
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/hes

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