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Jeunes : les stigmatisations de l'apparence

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  • Olivier Galland
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    Abstract

    [spa] Jóvenes: las estigmatizaciones de la apariencia . . Hay personas que pueden tener el sentimiento que, en ciertas ocasiones de sus relaciones sociales, se ha atentado a sus derechos 0 su dignidad. Los jovenes se . distinguen claramente de los mayores a este respecto. Su sensibilidad a diferentes formas de ostracismo es mas aguda que la de los adultos, pero se aplica sobre todo a ofensas contra su imagen: se quejan mas de vejaciones -burlas 0 insultos -que de injusticias 0 . negaciones de derechos. La apariencia ffsica -peso, estatura y aspecto -constituye para los jovenes el motiva principal de. las formas de ostracismo deI que . se quejan. Lo mencionan sobre todo las muchachas corpulentas y los muchachos endebles. Pero, sea cual . sea su corpulencia, las muchachas son mas sensibles que los muchachos: al contrario de éstos, este evento reduce sus probabilidades de emparejarse. El racismo es otra manifestacion de una discriminacion relacionada a la apariencia. Un joven de cada cuatro extra-europeo declara haber sido vfctima de malos tratos debido a sus rafces extranjeras. La intensidad de . este sentimiento de estigmatizacion es muy variable segun los orfgenes y el sexo. Los jovenes procedentes de f1ujos migratorios recientes (Africa negra, Asia) y los muchachos de origen magrebf se sienten partiÉCONOMIE [ger] Jugendliche: Stigmatisierung des Äußèren . . Manche Menschen haben mitunter das Gefühl, dass bei ihren zwischenmenschlichen Beziehungen unter bestimmten Umstanden ihre Rechte oder ihre Würde . verl~ tzt wurden. In dieser Hinsicht unterscheiden sich die Jugendlichen deutlich von den Erwachsenen. Die Empfindlichkeit gegenüber verschiedenen Formen von Ostrazismus ist bei ihnen starker ausgepragt ais bei den Erwachsenen, betrifft aber vor allem ihr ÂuBeres; dennsie beklagen sich eher überpersonliche Krankungen -Spott oder Beleidigungen -ais über Ungerechtigkeit [eng] Youth: Discrimination Based on Appearance . . People sometimes feel that their rights have been violated or their dignity attacked in some of their social relationships. This is most often reported by young people. Young people are much more sensitive to different forms of ostracism than adults, and are particularly sensitive to attacks on their self-image: they complain more of humiliation -mockery and insults -than injustice or rights violation. Young people, particularly large girls and thin boys, believe that their physical appearance (weight, height and look) is the main reason for the ostracism that they experience. Yet, what, ever their body size, young girls are more sensitive to this kind of ostracism than boys, and experiencing it reduces their chances of developing personal relationships. Racism is another form of discrimination Iinked to appearance. One in four young people of non-European origin declare being a victim of ill treatment due to their foreign origins. The intensity of this feeling of discrimination varies according to origin and gender. Young immigrants recently arriving from sub-Saharan Africa and Asia and men of North African origin feel particularly stigmatised. Whilst cultural factors (language skiIls, religious practice, sense of national identity) increase the probability of a person declaring having been a victim of discrimination, they do not completely explain it. Regardless of their cultural behaviour, young victims of professional exclusion or urban segregation feel overexposed to racist discrimination. Despite retaining more cultural links in terms of religion or loyalty to their country of origin, young girls of North African origin feel much less stigmatised than boys of the same origin. [fre] Jeunes: les stigmatisations de l'apparence . . Des personnes peuvent avoir le sentiment que, dans certaines circonstances de leurs relations sociales, on a porté atteinte à leurs droits ou à leur dignité. Les jeunes se distinguent nettement de leurs aînés à cet égard. Leur sensibilité à différentes formes d'ostracisme est plus aiguisée que celle des adultes, mais s'applique surtout à des atteintes portées à l'image de soi: ils se plaignent plus de vexations -moqueries ou insultes -que d'injustices ou du refus de droits. L'apparence physique -poids, taille et look -constitue pour les jeunes le motif principal des formes d'ostracisme dont ils se plaignent. Ce sont surtout les filles corpulentes et les garçons fluets qui en font état. Mais quelle que soit leur

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 393 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 151-183

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_2006_num_393_1_7146

    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.2006.7146
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/estat

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