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Au cour du réseau associatif : les multi-adhérents

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  • François Héran
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    Abstract

    [eng] The heart of the associative network multi-members - In France, one and a half million people are members of at least four associations. This phenomenon of multi-membership explains certain paradoxes in the world of associations, for instance, the fact that, in each association executives generally seem to be less personally involved and to establish fewer relations than their blue collar counterparts. Multi-members, who belong to relatively few sports associations and senior citizens' clubs, play an essential role in the functioning of an associative network devoted to the attainment of a goal, be it political, religious, that of a parents' association or a humanitarian movement. This network is highly selective : even more so for multi-members than for single members, multi-members are primarily men, and a high percentage of them are college graduates, many of them teachers. [spa] En el seno de la red de asociaciones los multiafiliados - Se calcula en un millón y medio de personas el número de los afiliados a cuatro o más asociaciones distintas. El fenómeno de la adhesion multiple explica algunas paradojas inherentes al ámbito de las asociaciones, como por ejemplo el hecho de que en cada asociación los ejecutivos parecen brindarse menos que los obreros y establecen monos relaciones que estos últimos. Con una minima representación en los clubs deportivos o en los de la tercera edad, los multiafiliados desempenan un papel central en el funcionamiento de una red de asociaciones con vocación militante, que abarca un amplio espectro, yendo de lo politico a lo religioso, pasando por las asociaciones de padres de alumnos o los movimientos humanitarios. Red muy selectiva : más aún que los afiliados ordinarios, los multiafiliados se caracterizan por poseer diplomas superiores, encontrándose sobrerepresentados en especial los profesores. [fre] On compte en France un million et demi de personnes qui adhèrent à quatre associations ou plus. Le phénomène de la multi-adhésion explique certains paradoxes du monde associatif, comme par exemple le fait que dans chaque association les cadres semblent en moyenne moins s'investir que les ouvriers et fixer moins de relations. Relativement peu représentés dans les clubs sportifs ou les clubs du troisième âge, les multi-adhérents jouent un rôle central dans le fonctionnement d'un réseau associatif à vocation militante, qui va du politique au religieux, en passant par les associations de parents d'élèves ou les mouvements humanitaires. Réseau très sélectif : plus encore que les adhérents ordinaires, les multi-adhérents sont surtout des hommes, avec une forte surreprésentation de diplômés et, parmi eux, des professeurs.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/estat.1988.5183
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 208 (1988)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 33-44

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1988_num_208_1_5183

    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1988.5183
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/estat

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