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Vieillissement et salaire : une optique individuelle

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  • Michel Barge
  • Jean-François Payen
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    Abstract

    [fre] Quelle est l'évolution du salaire individuel? Quel est l'impact de la mobilité : se traduit-elle par des hausses de salaire? Quel est le rôle du vieillissement : le salaire individuel diminue-t-il à partir d'un certain âge? Telles sont les trois questions auxquelles cet article apporte des éléments de réponse. Il est impossible, d'ordinaire, d'y répondre puisqu'on ne suit pas les salariés au cours de leur vie. Connaître les salaires moyens par catégorie sociale, année par année (c'est ce qu'apportent les statistiques issues des déclarations annuelles de salaire) ne permet pas en effet, d'éclairer ces questions : l'évolution des salaires individuels diffère beaucoup de celle des salaires moyens par catégorie sociale. C'est grâce à un échantillon permanent de salariés portant sur les années 1970 et 1975 que cette étude a pu être menée : bien que les résultats soient marqués par la conjoncture de cette période, ils ébranlent sérieusement nombre d'idées reçues sur l'évolution des salaires. [eng] Ageing and Salary : an Individual Approach - What is the trend in an individual's salary? What is the impact of mobility — does it mean an increase in salary? What is the role of ageing — does the salary begin to diminish beyond a certain age? These are the three questions which this article tries to answer. Ordinarily, it is impossible to provide an answer as individual wage-earners are not followed throughout their lives. Knowing the average salaries for different social categories from one year to the next (which are provided by the statistics based on yearly salary statements furnished by employers) does not, in fact, shed light on these questions, for the trends of individual salaries differ considerably from those of average salaries per social category. This study was made possible by a permanent sampling of wage-earners based on the years 1970 and 1975. Although the results were marked by the economic crisis of this period, they nevertheless seriously call into question a number of the accepted ideas about salary trends. [spa] Envejecimiento y salario : un enfoque individual - ¿Cual es la evolución del salario? Cual es el impacto de la movilidad? ^Manifiestase por incre- mentos asalariales? ¿Cual es el papel del envejecimiento? ¿Decrece el salario personal a partir de cierta edad? Tales son las tres interrogantes a las que este articulo intenta dar algo de respuesta. Por lo general, se verifica imposible responder ya que no se va siguiendo a los asalariados en el transcurso de su existencia. Estar al corriente de los salarios medios por categoria social, año tras año, (es lo que facilitan las estadisticas originadas por las declaraciones anuales de salario) no permite, en efecto, responder a tales interrogantes : la evolución de salarios personates difiere su marnante de la de salarios medios por categoria social. Gracias a una muestra permanente de los asalariados, la que abarca los años 1970 y 1975, se pudo llevar a cabo este estudio: si bien los resultados están afectados por la coyuntura de aquel período, alteran sumamente gran número de opiniones relativas a evolución de salarios.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3406/estat.1981.4553
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/estat_0336-1454_1981_num_139_1_4553/estat_0336-1454_1981_num_139_1_4553.pdf?mode=light
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 139 (1981)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 3-16

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1981_num_139_1_4553

    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1981.4553
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/estat

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    Cited by:
    1. Didier Blanchet & Anne-Gisèle Privat, 2005. "L'avenir des retraites en France: Evalutation de l'impact des réformes de 1993 et de 2033 à l'aide du modèle de microsimulation Artémis," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/f4rshpf3v1u, Sciences Po.
    2. Chantal Lugand & Alain Trannoy, 1992. "L'évolution de l'inégalité des salaires due aux différences de qualification : une étude d'entreprises françaises, de 1976 à 1987," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 102(1), pages 205-220.

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