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La persistance dans la pauvreté et son évolution


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  • Catherine Chambaz
  • Eric Maurin


[fre] La persistance dans la pauvreté et son évolution par Éric Maurin et Christine Chambaz . La population des ménages situés sous la demi-médiane des revenus par unité de consommation se renouvelle environ de moitié chaque année. En France, comme dans beaucoup d'autres pays industrialisés, la pauvreté apparaît ainsi comme un phénomène souvent transitoire, particulièrement lorsque la croissance économique est soutenue. Au-delà du constat statistique, l'étude justifie la pertinence de mesures synthétiques de la pauvreté prenant en compte, à chaque date, les risques qu'ont les ménages non-pauvres de tomber dans la pauvreté et les chances qu'ont les ménages pauvres d'en sortir. Mobilisant une base de données originale, issue des enquêtes que mène chaque année l'Insee auprès d'échantillons glissants de ménages, nous calculons et analysons les mesures de la pauvreté suggérées par la réflexion théorique. [eng] Persistent Poverty and its Development by Christine Chambaz and Éric Maurin . Around half of the population of households earning less than half of the median income per consumption unit is changes year. In France, as in many other industrialized countries, poverty is therefore often seen as a temporary phenomenon, when economic growth is steady. Li addition to the statistical observation, the study justifies the relevance of synthetic measures taking into account, on each date, the risks of households above the poverty line slipping into poverty and the poor households have of breaking out of poverty. We use an original data base derived from annual INSEE surveys of rotating household samples to calculate and analyze the poverty measures suggested by theoretical studies.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 122 (1996)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 133-152

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1996_num_122_1_5782

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1996.5782
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  1. repec:hal:journl:hal-00393322 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. N. Frémeaux & Thomas Piketty, 2013. "GINI Country Report: Growing Inequalities and their Impacts in France," GINI Country Reports, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies france, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
  3. J.-P. Zoyem, 2002. "Low Income Dynamics: Analyzing poverty exits and entries," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE g2002-11, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.
  4. Herrera, Javier, 1999. "Ajuste económico, desigualdad y movilidad," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4994, Paris Dauphine University.


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