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Activité féminine et garde des jeunes enfants : une analyse micro-économétrique

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  • Olivier Guillot
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    Abstract

    [eng] Female Labour Market Participation and Child Care: a Microeconometric Analysis . by Olivier Guillot . In this paper, the decisions of women with young children to participate in the labour market and employ extra-household care are jointly analyzed using a multinomial Logit model. The cost of child care is explicitly included in the model: a hourly cost is estimated for each mother using a cost equation. This microeconometric study uses data from the 1986 wave of Lorraine household panel to show that the cost of child care has a negative effect on the probability of labour participation and employment of extra-household child care. [fre] Activité féminine et garde des jeunes enfants : une analyse micro-économétrique . par Olivier Guillot . Dans cet article, le choix d'activité des femmes ayant déjeunes enfants à charge et la décision de celles-ci de recourir à un de garde sont conjointement analysés à l'aide d'un modèle Logit polytomique. Le coût de la garde est explicitement pris en un coût horaire potentiel est estimé pour chaque mère de famille à partir d'une équation de coût. Menée à partir des données vague 1986 de l'Enquête socio-économique auprès des ménages lorrains, cette analyse micro-économétrique montre que le de la garde a un effet négatif sur la probabilité d'activité et de recours à la garde.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/ecop.1996.5779
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/ecop_0249-4744_1996_num_122_1_5779/ecop_0249-4744_1996_num_122_1_5779.pdf?mode=light
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

    Volume (Year): 122 (1996)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 83-94

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1996_num_122_1_5779

    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1996.5779
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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    1. Berger, Mark C & Black, Dan A, 1992. "Child Care Subsidies, Quality of Care, and the Labor Supply of Low-Income, Single Mothers," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(4), pages 635-42, November.
    2. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
    3. Heckman, James J, 1974. "Effects of Child-Care Programs on Women's Work Effort," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(2), pages S136-S163, Part II, .
    4. Klerman, Jacob Alex & Leibowitz, Arleen, 1990. "Child Care and Women's Return to Work after Childbirth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(2), pages 284-88, May.
    5. Richard BLUNDELL & François LAISNEY, 1988. "A Labour Supply Model for Married Women in France, Taxation, Hours Constraints and Job Seekers," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 11, pages 41-71.
    6. Sandra L. Hofferth & Douglas A. Wissoker, 1992. "Price, Quality, and Income in Child Care Choice," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(1), pages 70-111.
    7. François Bourguignon & Thierry Magnac, 1990. "Labor Supply and Taxation in France," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(3), pages 358-389.
    8. Siv Gustafsson & Frank Stafford, 1992. "Child Care Subsidies and Labor Supply in Sweden," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(1), pages 204-230.
    9. Riboud, Michelle, 1985. "An Analysis of Women's Labor Force Participation in France: Cross-Section Estimates and Time-Series Evidence," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(1), pages S177-200, January.
    10. Robins, Philip K & Spiegelman, Robert G, 1978. "An Econometric Model of the Demand for Child Care," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 16(1), pages 83-94, January.
    11. Connelly, Rachel, 1992. "The Effect of Child Care Costs on Married Women's Labor Force Participation," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(1), pages 83-90, February.
    12. David C. Ribar, 1992. "Child Care and the Labor Supply of Married Women: Reduced Form Evidence," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(1), pages 134-165.
    13. Killingsworth, Mark R. & Heckman, James J., 1987. "Female labor supply: A survey," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & R. Layard (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 2, pages 103-204 Elsevier.
    14. Charles Michalopoulos & Philip K. Robins & Irwin Garfinkel, 1992. "A Structural Model of Labor Supply and Child Care Demand," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(1), pages 166-203.
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