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La retraite dans les modèles d'offre de travail : un survol de la littérature

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  • Catherine Cazals
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    [fre] La retraite dans les modèles d'offre de travail : un survol de la littérature, . par Catherine Cazals.. . La compréhension du comportement d'offre de travail des individus en fin de vie active semble aujourd'hui d'un intérêt tout particulier, alors que de nombreuses réformes dans plusieurs pays vont dans le sens d'une modification des divers âges de retraite (âge minimum, légal et/ou obligatoire), en raison des difficultés rencontrées par les systèmes de protection vieillesse, ou en liaison avec les politiques d'emploi. Cet article est consacré à un recensement des divers modèles ayant été envisagés pour tenter de comprendre le comportement des individus face à la retraite, en matière d'offre de travail, en distinguant principalement les modèles traditionnels à cycle de vie des modèles de choix discrets stochastiques dynamiques, d'apparition relativement récente. [eng] Retirement in Labour-Supply Models: A Survey of the Literature, . by Catherine Cazals.. . It has become particularly important to understand the labour-supply behaviour of individuals at the end of their working lives. Many countries have undertaken reforms to change the various retirement ages (minimum, legal and/or mandatory age) due to the problems encountered by the social security systems covering old age or in connection with employment policies. This article consists of a survey of the diverse models envisaged to attempt to understand the labour-supply behaviour of individuals nearing retirement. In particular, it distinguishes between the traditional life-cycle models and the relatively recent stochastic, dynamic discreet-choice models. [spa] La jubilación en los modelos de oferta de trabajo : un examen somero de la literatura, . por Catherine Cazals.. . La comprensión del comportamiento de oferta de trabajo de los individuos al final de la vida activa parece hoy en día presentar un interés muy particular, mientras que numerosas reformas en varios países van en el sentido de una modificación de las diversas edades de la jubilación (edad mínima, legal y/u obligatoria), debido a las dificultades encontradas por los sistemas de protección de la vejez, o en relación con las políticas de empleo. En este artículo se establece un recuento de los diversos modelos que han sido contemplados para intentar entender el comportamiento de los individuos frente a la jubilación, en materia de oferta de trabajo, distinguiendo principalmente los modelos tradicionales con ciclo de vida de los modelos de selección discretes estocásticos dinámicos, de aparición relativamente reciente. [ger] Der Ruhestand in den Arbeitsangebotsmodellen: ein Überblick über die Fachliteratur, . von Catherine Cazals.. . Der Erf assung des Arbeitsangebots verhaltens der Individuen am Ende ihres Erwerbslebens wird heute offensichtlich ein besonderes Intéresse entgegengebracht; denn zahlreiche Reformen in mehreren Ländern zielen auf eine Änderung der verschiedenen Altersgrenzen für den Eintritt in den Ruhestand (Mindestalter, gesetzliches und/oder obligatorisches Alter) ab, was auf die Schwierigkeiten, mit denen die Alterssicherungssysteme konfrontiert sind, oder auf die Beschäftigungspolitiken zurückzuführen ist. In diesem Artikel wird deshalb eine Bestandsaufnahme der verschiedenen Modelle vorgenommen, die zur besseren Erfassung des Arbeitsangebotsverhaltens der Individuen im Hinblick auf den Ruhestand in Betracht gezogen worden sind. Unterschieden wird hierbei hauptsächlich zwischen den herkömmlichen Lebenszyklus-Modellen und den diskreten, stochastischen, dynamischen Wahhnodellen, die erst seit relativ kurzer Zeit erstellt werden.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/ecop.1994.5684
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/ecop_0249-4744_1994_num_115_4_5684/ecop_0249-4744_1994_num_115_4_5684.pdf?mode=light
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

    Volume (Year): 115 (1994)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 43-62

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1994_num_115_4_5684

    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1994.5684
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    Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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