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Négociations salariales et segmentation du marché du travail

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  • Hélène Zajdela
  • Patrick Sevestre
  • Pierre Cahuc

Abstract

[spa] Negociaciones salariales y segmentación del mercado de trabajo, . por Pierre Cahuc, Patrick Sevestre, Hélène Zajdela.. . El presente artículo propone un modelo de negociaciones salariales capaz de explicar la segmentación del mercado de trabajo. Mediante la teoría de los juegos no-cooperativos, se especifica un modelo que permite distinguir diferentes modos de determinación de salarios teniendo en cuenta que los asalariados pueden o no obtener un salario más elevado que el salario del mercado y según los resultados de la empresa. El modelo propuesto se ensaya sobre una muestra de 334 empresas industriales francesas observadas en el período 1974-1983. Las estimaciones que se obtienen parecen confirmar la pertinencia del modelo y de la tipología de las empresas correspondientes. [ger] Lohnverhandlungen und Arbeitsmarktsegmentation, . von Pierre Cahuc, Patrick Sevestre, Hélène Zajdela.. . Dieser Artikel schlägt ein Lohnverhandlungsmodell vor.das geeignet ist, die Arbeitsmarktsegmentation zu erklären. Mit Hilfe der Spieltheorie nicht-kooperativer Verhaltensweisen wird ein Modell aufgestellt, das verschiedene Bemessungsweisen für die Löhne zu unterscheiden erlaubt, je nachdem ob die Lohnempfänger Löhne, die höher als die Marktlöhne sind, erhoffen können oder nicht, und je nachdem ob die Leistungsfähigkeit des Unternehmens gut oder schlecht ist. Das vorgeschlagene Modell wird mittels einer Stichprobenerhebung von 334 französischen Industriebetrieben getestet, die im Zeitraum von 1974 bis 1983 beobachtet wurden. Die Schätzergebnisse scheinen die Relevanz des Modells sowie die ihm korrelierte Typologie der Unternehmen zu bestätigen. [fre] Négociations salariales et segmentation du marché du travail, . par Pierre Cahuc, Patrick Sevestre, Hélène Zajdela.. . Cet article propose un modèle de négociations salariales susceptible d'expliquer la segmentation du marché du travail. A l'aide de la théorie des jeux non-coopératifs, on spécifie un modèle qui permet de distinguer différents modes de détermination des salaires selon que les salariés peuvent ou non espérer obtenir un salaire plus élevé que le salaire de marché et selon que les performances de l'entreprise sont bonnes ou mauvaises. Le modèle proposé est testé sur un échantillon de 334 entreprises industrielles françaises observées sur la période 1974-1983. Les estimations obtenues semblent confirmer la pertinence du modèle et de la typologie des entreprises qui lui est associée. [eng] Wage Negotiation and the Segmentation of the Job Market, . by Pierre Cahuc, Patrick Sevestre, Hélène Zajdela.. . This paper deals with a model for wage negotiation to explain why the job market is segmented. On the grounds of the non-cooperative games theory, a model is developed. It enables to distinguish different modes of wage setting depending on whether or not wage earners can hope for wages higher than market wages and on whether the firms' performance is good or bad. The model was tested on a sample of 334 French manufacturing firms over the 1974-1983 period. The estimates seem to confirm that both this model and the typology of firms involved therewith are relevant.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 92 (1990)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 43-50

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1990_num_92_1_5156

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1990.5156
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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References

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  1. McDonald, Ian M & Solow, Robert M, 1985. "Wages and Employment in a Segmented Labor Market," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 100(4), pages 1115-41, November.
  2. Sutton, John, 1986. "Non-cooperative Bargaining Theory: An Introduction," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(5), pages 709-24, October.
  3. Olivier J. Blanchard & Lawrence H. Summers, 1986. "Hysteresis And The European Unemployment Problem," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1986, Volume 1, pages 15-90 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. McDonald, Ian M & Solow, Robert M, 1981. "Wage Bargaining and Employment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(5), pages 896-908, December.
  5. Lindbeck, Assar & Snower, Dennis J, 1985. "Explanations of Unemployment," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 1(2), pages 34-59, Summer.
  6. Rubinstein, Ariel, 1982. "Perfect Equilibrium in a Bargaining Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 97-109, January.
  7. Lindbeck, Assar & Snower, Dennis J., 1986. "Efficiency Wages Versus Insiders and Outsiders," CEPR Discussion Papers 133, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Solow, Robert M, 1985. " Insiders and Outsiders in Wage Determination," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 87(2), pages 411-28.
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Cited by:
  1. Frosch, Katharina & Göbel, Christian & Zwick, Thomas, 2011. "Separating wheat and chaff: age-specific staffing strategies and innovative performance at the firm level," ZEW Discussion Papers 11-047, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  2. Magali Jaoul-Grammare, 2011. "L’évolution de la segmentation du marché du travail en France : 1973-2007," Working Papers of BETA 2011-08, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  3. Jens Mohrenweiser & Thomas Zwick & Uschi Backes-Gellner, 2010. "Poaching And Firm Sponsored Training: First Clean Evidence," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0051, University of Zurich, Institute for Strategy and Business Economics (ISU), revised May 2013.
  4. Pierre Cahuc, 1990. "La théorie des négociations salariales : une revue de la littérature," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 92(1), pages 21-30.
  5. Hélène Zajdela, 1990. "Le dualisme du marché du travail : enjeux et fondements théoriques," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 92(1), pages 31-42.

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