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Causes of Lagging Behind of New Member States of EU: Empirical Analysis by Montgomery Decomposition

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  • Daniel Dujava

Abstract

We use the method of ideal Montgomery decomposition to explain differences in product per capita in new member states of EU and selected benchmark country of EU5 ? Netherlands ? on differences in total factor productivity (TFP), capital per inhabitant, rate of capacity utilization, rate of employment, average number of hours worked and in human capital. We find that in 2009 average TFP in new member countries reached only 60% of TFP of the Netherlands. Differences in TFP explain almost 80% of differences in product per capita. We investigate the role of technology and of allocative efficiency in low TFP. Our analysis suggests that unless a lag in technology is longer than 20 years, most part of low TFP is due to inferior allocative efficiency and not due to technology.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Economics, Prague in its journal Politická ekonomie.

Volume (Year): 2012 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 222-244

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Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlpol:v:2012:y:2012:i:2:id:839:p:222-244

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Related research

Keywords: total factor productivity; Technology; Structural Decomposition; human capital; efficiency; capital;

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References

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  1. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output Per Worker Than Others?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 114(1), pages 83-116, February.
  2. Barro, Robert J. & Lee, Jong Wha, 2013. "A new data set of educational attainment in the world, 1950–2010," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 184-198.
  3. Paul De Boer, 2009. "Multiplicative Decomposition And Index Number Theory: An Empirical Application Of The Sato-Vartia Decomposition," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(2), pages 163-174.
  4. Oulton,Nicholas & O'Mahony,Mary, 1994. "Productivity and Growth," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521453455, April.
  5. Psacharopoulos, George, 1993. "Returns to investment in education : a global update," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1067, The World Bank.
  6. ALVARO ANGERIZ & JOHN McCOMBIE & MARK ROBERTS, 2006. "Productivity, Efficiency And Technological Change In European Union Regional Manufacturing: A Data Envelopment Analysis Approach," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 74(4), pages 500-525, 07.
  7. Erik Dietzenbacher & Bart Los, 1998. "Structural Decomposition Techniques: Sense and Sensitivity," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(4), pages 307-324.
  8. Pedro Cantos & José Pastor & Lorenzo Serrano, 1999. "Productivity, efficiency and technical change in the European railways: A non-parametric approach," Transportation, Springer, vol. 26(4), pages 337-357, November.
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Cited by:
  1. M. Lábaj & M. Luptáčik & E. Nežinský, 2014. "Data envelopment analysis for measuring economic growth in terms of welfare beyond GDP," Empirica, Springer, vol. 41(3), pages 407-424, August.
  2. Martin Lábaj & Mikuláš Luptáèik & Eduard Nežinský, 2013. "Data Envelopment Analysis for Measuring of Economic Growth in Terms of Welfare Beyond GDP," Department of Economic Policy Working Paper Series 002, Department of Economic Policy, Faculty of National Economy, University of Economics in Bratislava.

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