Causes of Lagging Behind of New Member States of EU: Empirical Analysis by Montgomery Decomposition
AbstractWe use the method of ideal Montgomery decomposition to explain differences in product per capita in new member states of EU and selected benchmark country of EU5 ? Netherlands ? on differences in total factor productivity (TFP), capital per inhabitant, rate of capacity utilization, rate of employment, average number of hours worked and in human capital. We find that in 2009 average TFP in new member countries reached only 60% of TFP of the Netherlands. Differences in TFP explain almost 80% of differences in product per capita. We investigate the role of technology and of allocative efficiency in low TFP. Our analysis suggests that unless a lag in technology is longer than 20 years, most part of low TFP is due to inferior allocative efficiency and not due to technology.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by University of Economics, Prague in its journal Politická ekonomie.
Volume (Year): 2012 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Postal: Redakce Politické ekonomie, Vysoká škola ekonomická, nám. W. Churchilla 4, 130 67 Praha 3
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O47 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Measurement of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
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