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A Living Worth Leaving? Economic Incentives and Migration Flows: The Case of Czechoslovak Labour Migration

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  • Wadim Strielkowski

Abstract

Migration studies cannot explain a paradox why migrations from regions or countries with lower economic performance to regions or countries with higher economic performance remain low even though the economic incentives of emigration are high. This gives EU stakeholders solid reasons for building serious administrative barriers and introducing "transition periods" for free movement of labour from EU-8. It is generally believed that removing barriers would cause mass labour migration. However, it might be that the problem lies elsewhere and labour migration might remain low with or without barriers. This paper analyses the pattern of Czechoslovak migrations in 1993-2004. After the split-up of Czechoslovak Federation citizens of both countries could reside and work in another country without any restrictions. This was even more simplified by the common cultural background and unique language proximity. Although the Slovak Republic was generally less successful in its economic growth than the Czech Republic, the analysis of the model of Czechoslovak migrations specified in this paper does not leed to the conclusion that economic differences between the two countries influence migration between Slovakia and the Czech Republic. It might be that economic disparities might influence migration however it happens only after they reach some critical level.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Economics, Prague in its journal Prague Economic Papers.

Volume (Year): 2007 (2007)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 252-264

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Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlpep:v:2007:y:2007:i:3:id:308:p:252-264

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Related research

Keywords: transition economies; migration; labour mobility; EU enlargement;

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References

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  1. Hans-Werner Sinn, 1999. "EU Enlargement, Migration, and Lessons from German Unification," CESifo Working Paper Series 182, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Sinn, Hans-Werner, 2002. "EU Enlargement and the Future of the Welfare State," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 49(1), pages 104-15, February.
  3. Bauer, Thomas K. & Epstein, Gil S. & Gang, Ira N., 2002. "Herd Effects or Migration Networks? The Location Choice of Mexican Immigrants in the U.S," IZA Discussion Papers 551, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Faini, Riccardo & Venturini, Alessandra, 1994. "Migration and Growth: The Experience of Southern Europe," CEPR Discussion Papers 964, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Brücker, Herbert & Schröder, Philipp J. H., 2006. "International Migration with Heterogeneous Agents: Theory and Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 2049, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Ernst P. Goss & Niles C. Schoening, 1984. "Search Time, Unemployment, and the Migration Decision," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 19(4), pages 570-579.
  7. Bauer, Thomas K. & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 1999. "Report No. 3: Assessment of Possible Migration Pressure and its Labour Market Impact Following EU Enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe," IZA Research Reports 3, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Harris, John R & Todaro, Michael P, 1970. "Migration, Unemployment & Development: A Two-Sector Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 126-42, March.
  9. Fields, Gary S, 1979. "Place-to-Place Migration: Some New Evidence," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 61(1), pages 21-32, February.
  10. Pissarides, Christopher A & McMaster, Ian, 1990. "Regional Migration, Wages and Unemployment: Empirical Evidence and Implications for Policy," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 42(4), pages 812-31, October.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Wadim Strielkowski & Petr Filipec & Miroslav Štefánik & Karolina Kowalska, 2013. "Outward Labour Migration in the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia after the EU Enlargement in 2004," Czech Economic Review, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, vol. 7(1), pages 042-054, March.
  2. Wadim Strielkowski & Jan Hněvkovský, 2013. "The Performance Of The Czech Labour Market After The 2004 Eu Enlargement," Economic Annals, Faculty of Economics, University of Belgrade, vol. 58(197), pages 79-94, April –.

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