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Meta-analyses of labour-market impacts of immigration: key conclusions and policy implications

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  • Simonetta Longhi
  • Peter Nijkamp
  • Jacques Poot

Abstract

The number of immigrants across the world has doubled since 1980. The estimates of the impact of immigration on wages and employment in host countries are quantitatively small but vary widely. We summarize previous meta-analyses of the empirical literature and consider the implications for policy. We conclude that, on average, the impact on employment of the native born is smaller than on wages, while impacts are generally smaller in the US than in other countries studied to date. The variation in the estimates is related to the definition of the labour market, the extent of substitutability of foreign and native workers, and controls for endogeneity of immigrant settlement in statistical modelling. Policies enhancing labour-market flexibility, while at the same time improving immigrant economic integration, are likely to be effective in reducing transitory negative impacts.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Pion Ltd, London in its journal Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy.

Volume (Year): 28 (2010)
Issue (Month): 5 (October)
Pages: 819-833

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Handle: RePEc:pio:envirc:v:28:y:2010:i:5:p:819-833

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Web page: http://www.pion.co.uk

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Cited by:
  1. Sebastian Braun & Toman Omar Mahmoud, 2011. "The Employment Effects of Immigration: Evidence from the Mass Arrival of German Expellees in Post-war Germany," Kiel Working Papers 1725, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  2. Vianney Dequiedt & Yves Zenou, 2011. "International Migration, Imperfect Information and Brain Drain," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1115, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  3. Sebastian Braun, Michael Kvasnicka, 2012. "Immigration and Structural Change: Evidence from Post-war Germany," Kiel Working Papers 1778, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  4. Ceren Ozgen & Peter Nijkamp & Jacques Poot, 2011. "Immigration and Innovation in European Regions," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 11-112/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  5. Rob Hodgson & Jacques Poot, 2011. "New Zealand Research on the Economic Impacts of Immigration 2005-2010: Synthesis and Research Agenda," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1104, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  6. Clark, Ken & Drinkwater, Stephen, 2013. "UK Migration Policy and Migration from Eastern Partnership Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 7665, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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