Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Spatiotemporal evolution of urban form and land-use structure in Hangzhou, China: evidence from fractals


Author Info

  • Jian Feng
  • Yanguang Chen
Registered author(s):


    Using fractal theory and urban land-use maps for 1949, 1959, 1980, and 1996, this study is devoted to analyzing the evolutionary features of urban form and land-use structure in Hangzhou, China. We find that self-similarity exists in both the built-up area and the municipal area, and fractal properties tend to become better defined with time. The fractal dimension of each type of land use is less than that of all land use. From 1980 to 1996, the fractal dimensions of residential, industrial, and external transport increased while those of educational and virescent land use decreased, indicating that partial degradation accompanied holistic optimization during the process of Hangzhou’s self-organizing evolvement. The mechanisms of the spatiotemporal evolution of urban form in Hangzhou are discussed, including socioeconomic development and the dispersal or concentration of activities. The Tandabing approach to urban spatial expansion, the Jianfengchazhen approach to urban construction, and a top-down urban management style led to differences in fractal evolution between Chinese and Western cities.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL:
    File Function: abstract
    Download Restriction: Fulltext access restricted to subscribers, see for details

    File URL:
    File Function: main text
    Download Restriction: Fulltext access restricted to subscribers, see for details

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Pion Ltd, London in its journal Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design.

    Volume (Year): 37 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 5 (September)
    Pages: 838-856

    as in new window
    Handle: RePEc:pio:envirb:v:37:y:2010:i:5:p:838-856

    Contact details of provider:
    Web page:

    Related research



    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as in new window

    Cited by:
    1. Chen, Yanguang & Wang, Jiejing, 2014. "Recursive subdivision of urban space and Zipf’s law," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 395(C), pages 392-404.
    2. Chen, Yanguang, 2014. "Multifractals of central place systems: Models, dimension spectrums, and empirical analysis," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 402(C), pages 266-282.


    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


    Access and download statistics


    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pio:envirb:v:37:y:2010:i:5:p:838-856. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Neil Hammond).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.