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Theory and application of an integrated land-use and transport modelling framework

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  • J D Hunt
  • D C Simmonds
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    Abstract

    Over twenty years of effort have gone into the development of a general framework for modelling land-use and transport interaction. This effort has been directed at integrating economic theory with operational planning methods in order to establish models that are advanced in theory, practical in operation, and useful in policymaking. The cornerstone of tffe resulting framework is that the location of activities and the economic linkages between them (in terms of goods, services or labour) are predicted by a spatially disaggregated input - output model with either conventional or more innovative forms. These economic linkages are converted into demands for transport that are assigned to modes and routes, taking account of congestion. Calculated measures of disutility in transport influence the location of activities through time. The entire system is based on a set of markets with 'prices' in money, time, or disutility units, making it possible to assess the effects of input policies or scenarios in economic and social terms as well as in physical units. This framework has been used to develop a wide range of models for different applications. The experience thus gained has helped identify a number cf specific strengths and specific problem areas associated with the framework. The problem areas are, for the most part, related to practical difficulties that arise during calibration because of the complexity of the system. The various strengths of the framework make it most applicable in situations where there is a need for consistent land-use and transport predictions and evaluations, particularly in cases where there are relatively few observed data.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Pion Ltd, London in its journal Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design.

    Volume (Year): 20 (1993)
    Issue (Month): 2 (March)
    Pages: 221-244

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    Handle: RePEc:pio:envirb:v:20:y:1993:i:2:p:221-244

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    Web page: http://www.pion.co.uk

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    Cited by:
    1. Johnston, Robert A., 1994. "The Evaluation of Multimodal Transportation Systems for Economic Efficiency and Other Impacts," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt4f87125z, University of California Transportation Center.
    2. Rodier, Caroline, 2004. "A Multi-Objective Analysis of Regional Transportation and Land Development Policies," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt8cv746gq, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    3. Eliasson, Jonas & Mattsson, Lars-Göran, 2000. "A model for integrated analysis of household location and travel choices," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 375-394, June.
    4. Rodier, Caroline J., 2004. "A Multi-Objective Analysis of Regional Transportation and Land Development Policies," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt78q94796, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    5. Johnston, Robert A. & de la Barra, Tomas, 2000. "Comprehensive regional modeling for long-range planning: linking integrated urban models and geographic information systems," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 125-136, February.
    6. Sylvie Occelli & Giovanni A. Rabino, 1998. "Simulating a Post-Fordist urban system: Results from the PF.US model," ERSA conference papers ersa98p300, European Regional Science Association.
    7. Martínez, Francisco J., 1995. "Access: The transport-land use economic link," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 457-470, December.
    8. Still, B. G. & May, A. D. & Bristow, A. L., 1999. "The assessment of transport impacts on land use: practical uses in strategic planning," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 83-98, April.
    9. Johnston, Robert A. & Gao, Shengyi & Clay, Michael J., 2008. "Modeling Long-Range Transportation and Land Use Scenarios for the Sacramento Region, Using Citizen-Generated Policies," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt2jd480vw, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    10. Tschangho John Kim & Jinsoo You & Seung-kwan Lee, 1998. "An integrated urban systems model with GIS," ERSA conference papers ersa98p374, European Regional Science Association.
    11. Keirstead, James & Jennings, Mark & Sivakumar, Aruna, 2012. "A review of urban energy system models: Approaches, challenges and opportunities," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 3847-3866.
    12. Johnston, Robert & de la Barra, Thomas, 2000. "Comprehensive Regional Modeling for Long-Range Planning: Linking Integrated Urban Models and Geographic Information Systems," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt0f97v7sn, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    13. Khan, Azhar Shah (James) & Abraham, John E. & Hunt, John Douglas, 2002. "Agent-based micro-simulation of business establishments," ERSA conference papers ersa02p435, European Regional Science Association.
    14. Johnston, Robert A. & Clay, Michael J., 2004. "A Graduate Course Comparing the Major Types of Urban Models," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt7gb9x0j4, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.
    15. Simmonds, David & Feldman, Olga, 2011. "Alternative approaches to spatial modelling," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 2-11.
    16. Johnston, Robert A. & Clay, Michael J., 2004. "A Graduate Course Comparing the Major Types of Urban Models," Institute of Transportation Studies, Working Paper Series qt4zn1b6mv, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Davis.

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