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Sources of migrant housing disadvantage in urban China

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  • Weiping Wu

Abstract

The increasing level of labor mobility in China challenges the current population-management structure. In particular, recent reforms in urban housing provision seem largely to overlook the needs of the migrant population. In this paper I examine the sources of migrant housing disadvantage in cities. Specifically, I analyze the institutional and socioeconomic factors underlying migrant housing choice and conditions, and how these factors influence migrants differently from the locals. Data are drawn primarily from citywide housing surveys and interviews conducted in Shanghai and Beijing. The findings show that migrants make housing decisions based on whether they intend to settle in the cities, and market-related factors such as income and education have a significant, positive impact on migrant housing conditions. But more importantly, the general disadvantage experienced by migrants has much of its root in the institutional restrictions associated with the hukou system that outweigh the combined effects of socioeconomic factors.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Pion Ltd, London in its journal Environment and Planning A.

Volume (Year): 36 (2004)
Issue (Month): 7 (July)
Pages: 1285-1304

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Handle: RePEc:pio:envira:v:36:y:2004:i:7:p:1285-1304

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Cited by:
  1. Bingqin Li & Mark Duda & Huamin Peng, 2007. "Low-cost urban housing markets: serving the needs of low-wage, rural-urban migrants?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 21772, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  2. Vendryes, Thomas, 2011. "Migration constraints and development: Hukou and capital accumulation in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 669-692.
  3. Ingrid Nielsen & Russell Smyth & Qingguo Zhai, 2010. "Subjective Well-Being of China’s Off-Farm Migrants," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 315-333, June.
  4. Bingqin Li & Mark Duda & Xiangsheng An, 2009. "Drivers of housing choice among rural-to-urban migrants: evidence from Taiyuan," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 24978, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  5. Song, Yan & Zenou, Yves, 2012. "Urban villages and housing values in China," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 495-505.
  6. Gottschalch, Sören, 2013. "Urbanization in China and how urban housing demand can be met," IPE Working Papers, Berlin School of Economics and Law, Institute for International Political Economy (IPE) 27/2013, Berlin School of Economics and Law, Institute for International Political Economy (IPE).

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