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Job access and employment among low-skilled autoless workers in US metropolitan areas

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  • Mizuki Kawabata
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    Abstract

    Focusing on low-skilled workers, I present an empirical analysis of the relationship between transit-based job accessibility and employment outcomes for workers without automobiles. The metropolitan areas examined are Boston, San Francisco, and Los Angeles. Two essential components of the analysis are the calculation of refined job-access measures that take into account travel modes as well as the supply and demand of the labor market, and the incorporation of job-access measures into multinomial logit models. The results indicate that improved transit-based job accessibility significantly augments both the probability of being employed and the probability of working 30 hours or more per week for autoless workers in San Francisco and Los Angeles. Further, in these two areas, job accessibility has a greater effect for autoless workers than for auto-owning workers. Job accessibility plays a more significant role in employment outcomes for autoless workers in San Francisco and Los Angeles, highly auto-dependent areas, than it does in Boston, a more compact area with relatively well-developed transit systems. The empirical findings hold important implications for the theory and policy debate surrounding spatial mismatch.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Pion Ltd, London in its journal Environment and Planning A.

    Volume (Year): 35 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 9 (September)
    Pages: 1651-1668

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    Handle: RePEc:pio:envira:v:35:y:2003:i:9:p:1651-1668

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    Cited by:
    1. Yannick L'Horty & Florent Sari, 2011. "Le grand Paris de l’emploi," TEPP Research Report 2011-13, TEPP.
    2. Carlos Augusto Olarte Bacares, 2013. "Do public transport improvements increase employment and income in a city?," ERSA conference papers ersa13p1040, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Carlos Augusto Olarte Bacares, 2014. "Are public transport improvements endogenous with respect to employment and income location in a city?," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 14012, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
    4. Nathalie Georges & Yannick L'Horty & Florent Sari, 2012. "Comment réduire la fracture spatiale ? Une application en Ile-de-France," TEPP Research Report 2012-07, TEPP.
    5. Antonio Di Paolo & Anna Matas & Josep Lluís Raymond, 2014. "“Job Accessibility, Employment and Job-Education Mismatch in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona”," IREA Working Papers 201419, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised May 2014.
    6. Dawkins, Casey J. & Shen, Qing & Sanchez, Thomas W., 2005. "Race, space, and unemployment duration," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 91-113, July.
    7. Fan, Yingling & Guthrie, Andrew E & Levinson, David M, 2012. "Impact of light rail implementation on labor market accessibility: A transportation equity perspective," The Journal of Transport and Land Use, Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota, vol. 5(3), pages 28-39.
    8. Itzhak Benenson & Karel Martens & Yodan Rofé & Ariela Kwartler, 2011. "Public transport versus private car GIS-based estimation of accessibility applied to the Tel Aviv metropolitan area," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 499-515, December.
    9. Carlos Augusto Olarte Bacares, 2014. "Are public transport improvements endogenous with respect to employment and income location in a city?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00973398, HAL.
    10. Blumenberg, Evelyn, 2008. "Immigrants and transport barriers to employment: The case of Southeast Asian welfare recipients in California," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 33-42, January.
    11. Tilahun, Nebiyou & Fan, Yingling, 2014. "Transit and job accessibility: an empirical study of access to competitive clusters and regional growth strategies for enhancing transit accessibility," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 17-25.

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