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Suburban mixed-use centres and urban dispersion: what difference do they make?

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  • Pierre Filion
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    Abstract

    In a context of growing car dependency and suburban sprawl, planners search for ways of intensifying urban development and reducing reliance on the automobile. The creation of planned mixed-use centres intended to become hubs of transit and pedestrian movement within the dispersed suburban environment represents one such intensification strategy. I investigate three suburban mixed-use centres in the Greater Toronto Area, selected for their advanced level of development, and identify the planning rationales and objectives that have led to their creation. To verify the extent to which they meet their intensification goal, I monitor the three selected centres' level of development, modal split, land-use pattern, inner synergy, and inner movements. Findings are mixed. If the suburban centres have been successful in attracting development and attaining levels of transit use, pedestrian movement and inner synergy exceeding those of the typical suburban area, they are not as distinct from the remainder of the suburb as intended and thus fall short from their planning objectives. I conclude that a strategy combining the creation of nodes (such as suburban mixed-use centres) with high-density, transit-oriented corridors within the suburban environment would be more effective in bringing intensification to this portion of the metropolitan region.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Pion Ltd, London in its journal Environment and Planning A.

    Volume (Year): 33 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 1 (January)
    Pages: 141-160

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    Handle: RePEc:pio:envira:v:33:y:2001:i:1:p:141-160

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    Web page: http://www.pion.co.uk

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    Cited by:
    1. Kuby, Michael & Barranda, Anthony & Upchurch, Christopher, 2004. "Factors influencing light-rail station boardings in the United States," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 223-247, March.
    2. Marjo Kasanko & Jose I. Barredo & Carlo Lavalle & Valentina Sagris, 2005. "Towards urban un-sustainability in Europe? An indicator-based analysis," ERSA conference papers ersa05p149, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Curtis, Carey, 2008. "Planning for sustainable accessibility: The implementation challenge," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 104-112, March.
    4. Tricker, Reginald C., 2007. "Assessing cumulative environmental effects from major public transport projects," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 293-305, July.
    5. Petra Wächter, 2013. "The Impacts of Spatial Planning on Degrowth," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(3), pages 1067-1079, March.
    6. Petra Wächter & Michael Ornetzeder & Harald Rohracher & Anna Schreuer & Markus Knoflacher, 2012. "Towards a Sustainable Spatial Organization of the Energy System: Backcasting Experiences from Austria," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(2), pages 193-209, February.

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