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Ownership Concentration, Corporate Governance and Firm Performance: Evidence from Pakistan


Author Info

  • Attiya Y. Javid

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

  • Robina Iqbal

    (Freelance Researcher)


The study investigates the determinants of ownership concentration, the effect of ownership concentration on the firm’s performance with the sample of sixty representativ e firms from different manufacturing sectors of the Pakistan’s economy during 2003 to 2008. The results suggest that firms where ownership is concentrated they do not adopt better governance practices and disclose less, however board composition has posit ive and significant role. The firm specific factors affect the concentration of ownership more, the more investment opportunities provides greater incentives for ownership concentration, however, size has opposite effect and leads to diverse ownership to get wider access to funds and share ownership. The results reveal that in Pakistan corporations have more concentration of ownership which is the response of weak legal environment. The concentration of ownership by top five block-holders seems to have positive effect on firms’ profitability and performance measures. The family, foreign and director ownership also has positive affect on firm performance, however firm performance is not effected by financial institutions’ ownership. The broad implication that emerges from this study is that ownership concentration is an endogenous response of poor legal protection of the investors and seems to have significant effect on firm performance. It requires implementation of corporate governance reforms at most at par with real sector and financial sector reforms.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Pakistan Institute of Development Economics in its journal The Pakistan Development Review.

Volume (Year): 47 (2008)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 643-659

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Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:47:y:2008:i:4:p:643-659

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Related research

Keywords: Ownership Concentration; Corporate Governance; Firm Performance; Panel Data;

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Cited by:
  1. Attiya Y. Javid & Robina Iqbal, 2010. "Corporate Governance in Pakistan: Corporate Valuation, Ownership and Financing," PIDE-Working Papers 2010:57, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  2. Javed, Attiya Yasmin & Imad, Qaisar, 2012. "A decomposition analysis of capital structure: evidence from Pakistan’s manufacturing sector," MPRA Paper 39371, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Kashif Rashid & Seep Nadeem, 2014. "The Role of Ownership Concentration, its Types and Firm Performance: A Quantitative Study of Financial Sector in Pakistan," Oeconomics of Knowledge, Saphira Publishing House, Saphira Publishing House, vol. 6(2), pages 10-61, June.


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