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A Review of the Relationship between Poverty, Population Growth, and Environment

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  • Seeme Mallick

    (Deputy Director Environment, New Murree Development Authority.)

  • Naghmana Ghani

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

Abstract

A discussion is presented on demographic transition that was successfully completed by developed countries, whereas developing countries are still at various stages of this transition. The paper suggests that in developing countries the condition of poverty has a strong influence on population growth rates. The paper presents an analysis regarding approaches followed by different schools of thought on the relationship between population, poverty and the environment. These schools agree that poverty and population growth rates have strong links, but they provide contrasting explanations for this link. As a result of this, they suggest divergent policy options to reach the common goal of sustainable population growth

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Pakistan Institute of Development Economics in its journal The Pakistan Developmetn Review.

Volume (Year): 44 (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 597-614

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Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:44:y:2005:i:4:p:597-614

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  1. David N. Weil & Oded Galor, 1999. "From Malthusian Stagnation to Modern Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 150-154, May.
  2. Peter Mulder, 2001. "Evolutionary Economic Theories of Sustainable Development," Growth and Change, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, vol. 32(1), pages 110-134.
  3. Adelman, Irma & Robinson, Sherman, 1989. "Income distribution and development," Handbook of Development Economics, in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 19, pages 949-1003 Elsevier.
  4. Arrow, Kenneth & Bolin, Bert & Costanza, Robert & Dasgupta, Partha & Folke, Carl & Holling, C. S. & Jansson, Bengt-Owe & Levin, Simon & Maler, Karl-Goran & Perrings, Charles & Pimentel, David, 1995. "Economic growth, carrying capacity, and the environment," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 91-95, November.
  5. Nicholas Crafts, 2000. "Development history," Economic History Working Papers 22384, London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Economic History.
  6. Filmer, Deon & Pritchett, Lant, 1996. "Environmental degradation and the demand for children : searching for the vicious circle," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1623, The World Bank.
  7. Lant Pritchett & Lawrence H. Summers, 1996. "Wealthier is Healthier," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 31(4), pages 841-868.
  8. Krueger, Anne O., 1995. "Policy lessons from development experience since the Second World War," Handbook of Development Economics, in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 40, pages 2497-2550 Elsevier.
  9. Nordhaus, William D, 1973. "World Dynamics: Measurement Without Data," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 83(332), pages 1156-83, December.
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