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Skills and Competitiveness: Can Pakistan Break Out of the Low-Level Skills Trap?

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  • Rashid Amjad

    (Policy, Planning, Employment Sector, International Labour Organization, Geneva)

Abstract

The paper argues that if Pakistan is to survive and prosper under the competitive conditions of the new global economy, then it must move away from its overwhelming dependence on “cottonomics” into more technology- and knowledge-based productswhere global growth is concentrated. For this to happen, it must break out of the “lowlevel skills trap”, which is the result of the very low levels of education and skills of its work force. It then poses the question whether the development of a well-educated and skilled labour force is sufficient for the country to graduate from labour-intensive to higher value-added, skill-intensive, technologically advanced sectors. The paper argues that while this is essential, the real challenge is to change the mind-set and develop institutions which recognise the value of investing in people and provide dignity, respect, and a fair deal for working men and women.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Pakistan Institute of Development Economics in its journal The Pakistan Development Review.

Volume (Year): 44 (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 387-409

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Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:44:y:2005:i:4:p:387-409

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  1. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Endogenous Technological Change," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages S71-102, October.
  2. Azizur Rahman Khan, 1967. "What Has Been Happening to Real Wages in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 7(3), pages 317-347.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Rashid Amjad, 2006. "Why Pakistan Must Break-into the Knowledge Economy," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 11(Special E), pages 75-87, September.
  2. Muhammad Khan, Muhammad Khan, 2009. "Skills, Competitiveness and Productivity," MPRA Paper 30180, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2009.
  3. Matthew McCartney, 2012. "Competitiveness and Pakistan: A Dangerous, Distorting, and Dead-End Obsession?," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 17(Special E), pages 213-241, September.
  4. Makino, Momoe, 2012. "What motivates female operators to enter the garment industry in Pakistan in the post-MFA period?," IDE Discussion Papers 374, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  5. Uzma Zia, 2007. "International Competitiveness  Where Pakistan Stands?," Development Economics Working Papers 22222, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.

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