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Regional Trade Agreements or Broad Liberalization: Which Path Leads to Faster Growth?

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  • Athanasios Vamvakidis

    (International Monetary Fund)

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    Abstract

    Should a closed economy open its trade to all countries or limit itself to participation in regional trade agreements (RTAs)? Based on time-series evidence for a data set for 1950-92, this paper estimates and compares the growth performance of countries that liberalized broadly and that of those that joined an RTA. The comparisons show that economies grew faster after broad liberalization, in both the short and the long run, but slower after participation in an RTA. Economies also had higher investment shares after broad liberalization, but lower ones after joining an RTA. The policy implications support broad liberalization. Copyright 1999, International Monetary Fund

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal IMF Staff Papers.

    Volume (Year): 46 (1999)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 3

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    Handle: RePEc:pal:imfstp:v:46:y:1999:i:1:p:3

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    Cited by:
    1. Matías Berthelon, 2004. "Growth Effects of Regional Integration Agreements," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 278, Central Bank of Chile.
    2. Innwon Park & Soonchan Park, 2008. "Reform Creating Regional Trade Agreements And Foreign Direct Investment: Applications For East Asia," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(5), pages 550-566, December.
    3. Ulaşan, Bülent, 2012. "Openness to international trade and economic growth: A cross-country empirical investigation," Economics Discussion Papers 2012-25, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
    4. Dodzin, Sergei & Vamvakidis, Athanasios, 2004. "Trade and industrialization in developing economies," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(1), pages 319-328, October.
    5. Stiglitz, Joseph E., 2000. "Capital Market Liberalization, Economic Growth, and Instability," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 1075-1086, June.
    6. REY, Serge, 2005. "Convergence réelle et convergence nominale dans les Pays de la région MENA
      [Real and nominal convergence amongst MENA countries]
      ," MPRA Paper 30206, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Brodzicki Tomasz, 2003. "In search for accumulative effects of European economic integration," International Trade 0310006, EconWPA.
    8. Kenneth Chan & Vinh Dang, 2010. "Multilateral trade and export-led growth in the world economy: some post-war evidence," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 38(3), pages 689-703, June.
    9. Teweldemedhin, M.Y. & van Schalkwyk, Herman D., 2010. "The impact of trade liberalisation on South African agricultural productivity," 2010 AAAE Third Conference/AEASA 48th Conference, September 19-23, 2010, Cape Town, South Africa 95963, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE);Agricultural Economics Association of South Africa (AEASA).
    10. Tomasz Brodzicki, 2005. "New empirical insights into the growth effects of economic integration within EU," International Trade 0505014, EconWPA.
    11. Baharumshah, Ahmad Zubaidi & Onwuka, Kevin Odulukwe & Habibullah, Muzafar Shah, 2007. "Is a regional trade bloc a prelude to multilateral trade liberalization?: Empirical evidence from the ASEAN-5 economies," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 384-402, April.
    12. Alan V. Deardorff & Robert M. Stern, 2002. "EU Expansion and EU Growth," Working Papers 487, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
    13. Beckmann, Rainer & Hebler, Martin & Kösters, Wim & Neimke, Markus, 2000. "Theoretische Konzepte zum Europäischen Integrationsprozeß: Ein aktueller Überblick
      [Theoretical concepts for the process of European integration: A current overview]
      ," MPRA Paper 35703, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Olivier Peron & Serge Rey, 2012. "Trade and convergence of per capita income in the Indian Ocean Zone, 1950–2008," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 49(3), pages 657-683, December.
    15. Anupam Das & Biru Paksha Paul, 2011. "Openness and growth in emerging Asian economies: Evidence from GMM estimations of a dynamic panel," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 31(3), pages 2219-2228.
    16. Jad Chaaban & Alban Thomas, 2008. "A Structural Model for Evaluating the Sector-specific Impacts of Preferential Trade Agreements," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 73-88, March.
    17. Eriṣ, Mehmet N. & Ulaṣan, Bülent, 2013. "Trade openness and economic growth: Bayesian model averaging estimate of cross-country growth regressions," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 867-883.

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