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Monetary Policy Responses to Oil Price Fluctuations

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  • Martin Bodenstein
  • Luca Guerrieri
  • Lutz Kilian

Abstract

The paper provides the first quantitative analysis of how U.S. monetary policy responses should differ depending on the source of the observed oil price fluctuations. It presents three main sets of results. First, the paper proposes a novel decomposition of the marginal cost of production that highlights the role of each factor input for the evolution of inflation. Second, conditional on an estimated interest rate policy reaction function, the paper demonstrates that no two structural shocks induce the same monetary policy response, even after controlling for the impact response of the real price of oil, and quantifies these differences. Third, the paper shows that the policy responses implied by a policy rule, whose coefficients were chosen to maximize U.S. welfare, differ substantially from the policy response implied by the same rule estimated on historical data. Among a wide range of rules, a rule that is easily implementable and that nearly maximizes U.S. welfare involves the Federal Reserve putting zero weight on the price of oil and responding to wage inflation without interest rate smoothing.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal IMF Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 60 (2012)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 470-504

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Handle: RePEc:pal:imfecr:v:60:y:2012:i:4:p:470-504

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Cited by:
  1. Ratti, Ronald A. & Vespignani, Joaquin L., 2013. "Crude oil prices and liquidity, the BRIC and G3 countries," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 28-38.
  2. Ton van den Bremer & Frederick van der Ploeg & Samuel Wills, 2014. "The Elephant in the Ground: Managing oil and sovereign wealth," OxCarre Working Papers 129, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, University of Oxford.
  3. Stuermer, Martin, 2013. "150 Years of Boom and Bust: What Drives Mineral Commodity Prices?," MPRA Paper 51859, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Barbara Rossi, 2012. "The changing relationship between commodity prices and equity prices in commodity exporting," Economics Working Papers 1405, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  5. Eickmeier, Sandra & Lombardi, Marco J., 2012. "Monetary policy and the oil futures market," Discussion Papers 35/2012, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
  6. Leung, Charles Ka Yui & Shi, Song & Tang, Edward Chi Ho, 2013. "Commodity house prices," MPRA Paper 49489, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Samuel Wills, 2014. "Optimal Monetary Responses to Oil Discoveries," CAMA Working Papers 2014-37, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  8. Ratti, Ronald & Vespignani, Joaquin, 2012. "Liquidity and crude oil prices: China’s influence over 1996-2011," Working Papers 15062, University of Tasmania, School of Economics and Finance, revised 20 Sep 2012.
  9. Ano Sujithan, Kuhanathan & Koliai, Lyes & Avouyi-Dovi, Sanvi, 2013. "Does Monetary Policy Respond to Commodity Price Shocks?," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/11718, Paris Dauphine University.

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