The Impact of Occupation and Gender on Pensions from Defined Contribution Plans
AbstractWe present simulation results for the likely pension outcomes for different defined-contribution (DC) pension plan members distinguished by occupation and gender. While our results suggest that key differences between outcomes depend on the strategic asset allocation strategy chosen (and hence on the rate of return on assets in relation to the growth rate in salaries), we also find that DC plans benefit most those workers who have the highest career average salary relative to final salary or whose salary peaks earliest in their careers. Thus low-skilled workers and women do relatively well from DC plans: the largest median pension difference between occupations is 34 per cent (for men) and 38 per cent (for women), while the largest median pension difference between women and men in the same occupation is 45 per cent (for the same contribution rate). We conclude that key aspects of plan design (in particular contribution rates) should be occupation- and gender-specific. The Geneva Papers (2007) 32, 458–482. doi:10.1057/palgrave.gpp.2510141
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance Issues and Practice.
Volume (Year): 32 (2007)
Issue (Month): 4 (October)
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- Gregorio Impavido & Esperanza Lasagabaster & Manuel Garcia-Huitron, 2010. "New Policies for Mandatory Defined Contribution Pensions : Industrial Organization Models and Investment Products," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2462.
- Blake, David & Wright, Douglas & Zhang, Yumeng, 2013.
"Target-driven investing: Optimal investment strategies in defined contribution pension plans under loss aversion,"
Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control,
Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 195-209.
- Blake, David & Wright, Douglas & Zhang, Yumeng, 2011. "Target-driven investing: Optimal investment strategies in defined contribution pension plans under loss aversion," MPRA Paper 34278, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Blake, David & Wright, Douglas & Zhang, Yumeng, 2011. "Age dependent investing: Optimal funding and investment strategies in defined contribution pension plans when members are rational life cycle financial planners," MPRA Paper 34277, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Blake, David & Cairns, Andrew & Dowd, Kevin, 2008. "Turning pension plans into pension planes: What investment strategy designers of defined contribution pension plans can learn from commercial aircraft designers," MPRA Paper 33749, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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