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Chinese Migrants in Africa as New Agents of Development? An Analytical Framework

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  • Giles Mohan

    (Development Policy and Practice Group, The Open University, UK)

  • May Tan-Mullins

    (Geography Department, Durham University, UK)

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    Abstract

    Les flux migratoires de la Chine vers l’Afrique se sont intensifiés récemment suite à une série d’initiatives du gouvernement chinois. En dépit du fait que ceux-ci constituent un aspect important des relations Chine-Afrique, il n’y a eu jusqu’à maintenant aucune tentative d’évaluer systématiquement leurs impacts économiques, sociaux et politiques. Cet article établit, dans un premier temps, les dimensions analytiques générales concernant les motivations qui incitent à émigrer et les processus de développement. Dans un deuxième temps, l’article évalue les données disponibles sur ces tendances migratoires, en notant que celles-ci sont souvent très spéculatives. L’article se penche ensuite sur les politiques chinoises de l’internationalisation et de l’Afrique, ainsi que leurs dimensions économiques et socio-politiques respectivement. Économiquement, beaucoup de grandes entreprises chinoises investissent dans les secteurs clés de ressources naturelles en Afrique, mais pour la plupart des Africains la présence chinoise se manifeste par l’existence de petits commerçants sur les marchés locaux. Au plan social, les Chinois ont été bien accueillis en Afrique, même si leur intégration reste limitée. Cependant, des tensions ont surgi dans certains pays, et ont été exploitées par des hommes politiques africains.European Journal of Development Research (2009) 21, 588–605. doi:10.1057/ejdr.2009.22

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal European Journal of Development Research.

    Volume (Year): 21 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 4 (September)
    Pages: 588-605

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    Handle: RePEc:pal:eurjdr:v:21:y:2009:i:4:p:588-605

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    Cited by:
    1. Narula, Rajneesh, 2010. "Much ado about nothing, or sirens of a brave new world?: MNE activity from developing countries and its significance for development," MERIT Working Papers 021, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    2. Meine Pieter van Dijk & Ward Warmerdam, 2012. "New Light on Chinese enterprises in Africa: Findings from a recent survey of Chinese Firms in Kampala, the capital of Uganda," Working Papers 2012/53, Maastricht School of Management.
    3. Montfort Mlachila & Misa Takebe, 2011. "FDI from BRICs to LICs," IMF Working Papers 11/178, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Kohnert, Dirk, 2010. "Drivers of change or cut-throat competitors? Challenging Cultures of Innovation of Chinese and Nigerian migrant entrepreneurs in West Africa," MPRA Paper 23132, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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