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The Economic Effects of Privatization: Evidence from a Russian Panel

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  • Derek C Jones

Abstract

By using new panel survey data for 1992–1996 for a sample of firms in St. Petersburg we present evidence on the incidence of, changes in, and the effects of ownership and control that have occurred since privatization. We find that ownership changes have been quite fast and are heterogeneous. Ownership by insiders remains very strong and the importance of managerial insider ownership is growing. At the same time, in many firms, ownership by outsiders assumes increasing significance. The links between ownership and control are found to be quite complex.Whether these organizational changes affect economic performance is investigated in a series of preliminary exercises in which we estimate models in “privatization time.“ We find that the impact of privatization per se is quite weak and thus appears to be quite different from what has been found in studies for some other transition economies. In accounting for differences in economic performance, for all performance measures we find support for the hypothesis that the preferred specification includes measures not only of ownership levels at the end of the period but also ownership-transitions and variables which capture variation in the level of control. Bank ownership is shown to be much more effective in improving economic performance than is ownership by individuals. Firms which remain employee owned performed much more poorly than did firms in which managers continued as the dominant owners. However, both types of firms which became owned by managers during the period did very badly, and especially firms which were formerly owned by the state. There is evidence that low and medium levels of managerial power typically have beneficial effects on economic performance. Evidence of the effects of changes in control on economic performance typically is much weaker.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Palgrave Macmillan in its journal Comparative Economic Studies.

Volume (Year): 40 (1998)
Issue (Month): 2 (July)
Pages: 75-102

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Handle: RePEc:pal:compes:v:40:y:1998:i:2:p:75-102

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Cited by:
  1. Kazuhiro Ohnishi, 2011. "A Quantity-Setting Mixed Duopoly with Inventory Investment as a Coordination Device," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 12(1), pages 109-119, May.
  2. Polterovich, Victor, 2001. "Трансплантация Экономических Институтов
    [Transplantation of Economic Institutions]
    ," MPRA Paper 22034, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Polterovich, Victor, 2000. "Civic Culture and Economic Transition in Russia," MPRA Paper 20068, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Polterovich, Victor, 2008. "Современное Состояние Теории Экономических Реформ
    [Modern Condition of the Theory of Economic Reforms]
    ," MPRA Paper 22032, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Polterovich, Victor, 2003. "Парадоксы Российского Рынка Труда И Теория Коллективных Фирм
    [Paradoxes of the Russian Labor Market and the Theory of Collective Firms]
    ," MPRA Paper 21993, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Tomasz Mickiewicz & Kate Bishop, 2003. "Wage Determination: Privatised, New Private And State Owned Companies. Empirical Evidence From Panel Data," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan 584, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  7. Linz, Susan J., 2004. "Motivating Russian workers: analysis of age and gender differences," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 261-289, July.
  8. Irina Denisova & Stanislav Kolenikov & Ksenia Yudaeva, 2000. "Child Benefits and Child Poverty," Working Papers, Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR) w0006, Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR).
  9. Alexei Izyumov & Leonid Kosals & Rosalina Ryvkina, 2000. "Defence Industry Transformation in Russia: Evidence from a Longitudinal Survey," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(2), pages 215-228.
  10. Susan Linz, 2000. "Restructuring with What Success? A Case Study of Russian Firms," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan 324, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  11. Polterovich, Victor & Katyshev, Pavel, 2006. "Политика Реформ, Начальные Условия И Трансформационный Спад
    [Reform policies, initial conditions, and transformational recession]
    ," MPRA Paper 21551, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Saul Estrin, 2002. "Competition and Corporate Governance in Transition," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 16(1), pages 101-124, Winter.
  13. Saul Estrin, 2001. "Competition and Corporate Governance in Transition," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan 431, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  14. Ichiro Iwasaki, 2007. "Enterprise Reform And Corporate Governance In Russia: A Quantitative Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(5), pages 849-902, December.
  15. Alexei Izyumov & Leonid Kosals & Rosalina Ryvkina, 2000. "Privatisation of the Russian Defence Industry: Ownership and Control Issues," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(4), pages 485-496.
  16. Sprenger, Carsten, 2011. "The choice of ownership structure: Evidence from Russian mass privatization," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 260-277, June.
  17. Irina Akimova & Gerhard Schwödiauer, 1999. "Restructuring of Ukrainian Enterprises after Privatization: Does Ownership Structure Matter?," Industrial Organization, EconWPA 9903003, EconWPA.
  18. Polterovich, Victor, 2000. "Employment - wage decisions in the insider-owned firm," BOFIT Discussion Papers, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition 1/2000, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  19. Helena Hannula, 2001. "Restructuring of the Estonian economy and the role of FDIs in it," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia), in: Foreign Direct Investments in the Estonian Economy, volume 9, chapter 3, pages 91-174 Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).

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