Are the Determinants of Intergenerational Welfare Dependency Gender-specific?
AbstractThis paper presents a brief analysis of differences in welfare participation by gender in New Zealand. Using longitudinal data (the Christchurch Health and Development Study), structural and reduced-form regression models are estimated. Our results indicate that females have an estimated intergenerational correlation coefficient that is more than double that for males. Possible reasons for this gender difference appear to be both a larger direct effect of parents’ welfare dependency and a greater indirect effect through the educational outcome of the female youth. Specifically, two household characteristics (parents’ welfare recipiency and larger family size) significantly and negatively influence young female adults in terms of their educational attainment and consequently in terms of their higher likelihood of welfare recipiency.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by The Centre for Labour Market Research (CLMR), Curtin Business School in its journal Australian Journal of Labour Economics.
Volume (Year): 6 (2003)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
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Web page: http://www.business.curtin.edu.au/business/research/journals-published-by-cbs/australian-journal-of-labour-economics
Economics of Gender Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility: Promotion Welfare and Poverty: Government Programs Provision: and Effects of Welfare Programs;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
- J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
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- Nicolas Hérault & Guyonne Kalb, 2009. "Intergenerational Correlation of Labour Market Outcomes," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2009n14, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
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